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combine their forces and so intensify one or more of the inherited motives that the form is affected by it and the effect may be transmitted to the offspring. So conflict of inheritances may lead to the institution of variety. Accumulation of impulses may lead to sudden revolution and the species may be changed, not by environment but by contest between the host of inheritances.? Visiting the sins of the fathers upon the children was thought to be outrageous doctrine, so long as it was taught only in Scripture. It is now vigorously applauded, since it takes the name of heredity. Dale, Ephesians, 189 ? ?When we were young, we fought with certain sins and killed them; they trouble us no more but their ghosts seem to rise from their graves in the distant years and to clothe themselves in the flesh and blood of our children.? See A. M. Marshall, Biological Lectures, 273; Mivart, in Harper?s Magazine, March, 1895:682; Bixby, Crisis in Morals, 176.

F. If all moral consequences are proper penalties, sin, considered as a sinful nature, must be the punishment of sin, considered as the act of our first parents.

But we reply that the impropriety of punishing sin with sin vanishes when we consider that the sin which is punished is our own, equally with the sin with which we are punished. The objection is valid as against the Federal theory or the theory of Mediate Imputation, but not as against the theory of Adam?s Natural Headship. To deny that God, through the operation of second causes, may punish the act of transgression by the habit and tendency, which result from it is to ignore the facts of everyday life as well as the statements of Scripture. Sin is represented as ever reproducing itself and with each reproduction increasing its guilt and punishment ( <450619>Romans 6:19; <590115>James 1:15.).

<450619> Romans 6:19 ? ?as ye presented your members as servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity, even so now present your members as servants to righteousness unto sanctification?; <490422>Ephesians 4:22 ? ?waxeth corrupt after the lusts of deceit?: <590115>James 1:15 ? ?Then the lust when it hath conceived, heareth sin and the sin, when it is full-grown, bringeth forth death?; <550313>2 Timothy 3:13 ? ?evil men and impostors shall wax worse and worse deceiving and being deceived.? See Meyer on <450124>Romans 1:24 ? ?Wherefore (God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts unto uncleanness.? All effects become in their turn causes. Schiller: ?This is the very curse of evil deed, That of new evil it becomes the seed.? Tennyson, Vision of Sin: ?Behold it was a crime Of sense, avenged by sense that wore with time. Another said: The crime of sense

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