?Universal justice,? says Aristotle, ?includes all virtues.?? If by justice here is meant the divine justice, implied in the awakening of man?s moral sense, we can agree with the above. As we have previously intimated, we regard the belief in immortality as an inference from the intuition of God?s existence and every new proof that God is just strengthens our conviction of immortality.

3. The Judge in the final judgment.

God, in the person of Jesus Christ, is to be the judge. Though God is the judge of all ( <581223>Hebrews 12:23), yet this judicial activity is exercised through Christ, at the last day, as well as in the present state ( <430522>John 5:22, 27).

<581223> Hebrews 12:23 ? ?to God the judge of all?; <430522>John 5:22, 27 ? ?For neither doth the Father judge any man, but he hath given all judgment unto the Son?and he gave him authority to execute judgment because he is a son of man.? Stevens, Johannine Theology, 349 ? ?Jesus says that he judges no man ( <430815>John 8:15). He does not personally judge men. His attitude toward men is solely that of Savior. It is rather his work, his word and his truth, which pronounces condemnation against them both here and hereafter. The judgment is that light is come, men?s attitude toward the light involves their judgment, the light judges them or they judge themselves. The Savior does not come to judge but to save them but, by their rejection of salvation, they turn the saving message itself into a judgment.?

This, for three reasons:

(a) Christ?s human nature enables men to understand both the law and the love of God and so makes intelligible the grounds on which judgment is passed.

Whoever says that God is too distant and great to be understood may be pointed to Christ, in whose human life the divine ?law appears, drawn out in living characters.? The divine love is manifest, as suffering upon the cross to save men from their sins.

The perfect human value of Christ, united as it is to the divine, ensures all that is needful in true judgment, viz.: that it be both merciful and just.

<441731> Acts 17:31 ? ?he will judge the world in righteousness by the man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.?

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