to himself has no independent authority. In prayer the Christian has practical evidence of the Trinity, and can see the value of the doctrine; for he comes to God the Father, pleading the name of Christ, and taught how to pray aright by the Holy Spirit. It is impossible to identify the Father with either the Son or the Spirit. See <450827>Romans 8:27 ? ?he that searcheth the hearts [ i.e., God] knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.? See also Godet on <430118>John 1:18 ? ?No man hath seen God at anytime; the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him?; notice here the relation between oJ w[n and ejxhgh>sato . Napoleon I: ?Christianity says with simplicity, No man hath seen God, except God.?? <431615>John 16:15 ? ?All things whatsoever the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he taketh of mine, and shall declare it unto you?; here Christ claims for himself all that belongs to God, and then declares that the Holy Spirit shall reveal him. Only a divine Spirit can do this, even as only a divine Christ can put out an unpresumptuous hand to take all that belongs to the Father. See also Westcott, on <431409>John 14:9 ? ?he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; how sayest thou, Show us the Father??
The agnostic is perfectly correct in his conclusions, if there be no Christ, no medium of communication, no principle of revelation in the Godhead. Only the Son has revealed the Father. Even Royce, in his Spirit of Modern Philosophy, speaks of the existence of an infinite Self, or Logos, or World-mind, of which all individual minds are parts or bits, and of whose timeless choice we partake. Some such principle in the divine nature must be assumed, if Christianity is the complete and sufficient revelation of God?s will to men. The Unitarian view regards the religion of Christ as only ?one of the day?s works of humanity? ? an evanescent moment in the ceaseless advance of the race. The Christian on the other hand regards Christ as the only Revealer of God, the only God with whom we have to do, the final authority in religion, the source of all truth and the judge of all mankind. ?Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away? ( <402435>Matthew 24:35). The resurrection ofjust and unjust shall be his work ( <430528>John 5:28), and future retribution shall be ?the wrath of the Lamb? (Revelations 6:16). Since God never thinks, says, or does any thing, except through Christ, and since Christ does his work in human hearts only through the Holy Spirit, we may conclude that the doctrine of the Trinity is essential to any proper revelation.
C. It is essential to any proper redemption.
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