Lord Bacon: ?The sparkle of the purity of man?s first estate.? Calvin: ?It was monstrous impiety that a son of the earth should not be satisfied with being made after the similitude of God, unless he could also he equal with him.? Prof. Hastings: ?The truly natural is not the real but the ideal. Made in the image of God ? between that beginning and the end stands God made in the image of man.? See the general subject of man?s original state, see Zocker, 3:283-290; Thomasius, Christi Person und Werk, 1:215-243: Ebrard, Dogmatik, 1:267-276; Van Oosterzee, Dogmatics, 374-375; Hodge, Systematic Theology, 2:92-116.
I. ESSENTIALS OF MAN?S ORIGINAL STATE.
These are summed up in the phrase ?the image of God.? In God?s image man is said to have been created ( <010126>Genesis 1:26, 27). In what did this image of God consist? We reply that it consisted in
1. Natural likeness to God, or personality,
2. Moral likeness to God, or holiness.
<010126> Genesis 1:26, 27 ? ?And God said, let us make man in our image, after our likeness? And God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him.? It is of great importance to distinguish clearly between the two elements embraced in this image of God, the natural and the moral. By virtue of the first man possessed certain faculties (intellect, affection, will); by virtue of the second, he had right tendencies (bent, proclivity, disposition). By virtue of the first, he was invested with certain powers ; by virtue of the second, a certain direction was imparted to these powers. As created in the natural image of God, man had a moral nature; as created in the moral image of God, man had a holy character . The first gave him natural ability; the second gave him moral ability. The Greek Fathers emphasized the first element, or personality, the Latin Fathers emphasized the second element, or holiness. See Orr, God?s Image in Man.
As the Logos, or divine Reason, Christ Jesus, dwells in humanity and constitutes the principle of its being, humanity shares with Christ in the image of God. That image is never wholly lost. It is completely restored in sinners when the Spirit of Christ gains control of their wills and they merge their life in his. To those who accused Jesus of blasphemy, he replied by quoting the words of <198206>Psalm 82:6 ? ?I said, ye are gods? ? words spoken of imperfect earthly rulers. Thus, In <431014>John 10:14-36, Jesus, who constitutes the very essence of humanity, justifies his own
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