some degree Emmanuel, God with us, there would never have issued from its bosom he who bore and revealed this blessed name.? Gardiner, O.T. and N.T. in their Mutual Relations, 170-194.
In the O.T., Jehovah is the Redeemer of his people. He works through judges, prophets, kings, but he himself remains the Savior; ?it is only the Divine in them that saves?; ?Salvation is of Jehovah? ( <320209>Jonah 2:9). Jehovah is manifested in the Davidic King under the monarchy; in Israel, the Servant of the Lord, during the exile; and in the Messiah, or Anointed One, in the post-exillian period. Because of its conscious identification with Jehovah, Israel is always a forward looking people. Each new judge, king, prophet is regarded as heralding the coming reign of righteousness and peace. These earthly deliverers are saluted with rapturous expectation; the prophets express this expectation in terms that transcend the possibilities of the present; and, when this expectation fails to be fully realized, the Messianic hope is simply transferred to a larger future. Each separate prophecy has its drapery furnished by the prophet?s immediate surroundings, and finds its occasion in some event of contemporaneous history. But by degrees it becomes evident that only an ideal and perfect King and Savior can fill out the requirements of prophecy. Only when Christ appears, does the real meaning of the various Old Testament predictions become manifest. Only then mere men able to combine the seemingly inconsistent prophecies of a priest who is also a king (Psalm
110), and of a royal but at the same the a suffering Messiah (Isaiah 53). It is not enough for us to ask what the prophet himself meant, or what his earliest hearers understood, by his prophecy. This is to regard prophecy as having only a single, and that a human, author. With the spirit of man cooperated the Spirit of Christ, the Holy Spirit ( <600111>1 Peter 1:11 ? ?the Spirit of Christ which was in them?; <600121>1 Peter 1:21 ? ?no prophecy ever came by the will of man; but men spake from God, being moved by the Holy Spirit?). All prophecy has a twofold authorship, human and divine; the same Christ who spoke through the prophets brought about the fulfillment of their words.
It is no wonder that he who through the prophets uttered predictions with regard to himself should, when he became incarnate, be the prophet par excellence ( <051815>Deuteronomy 18:15; <440322>Acts 3:22 ? ?Moses indeed said, A prophet shall the Lord God raise up from among your brethren, like unto me; to him shall ye hearken?). In the predictions of Jesus we find the proper key to the interpretation of prophecy in general, and the evidence that while no one of the three theories ? the preterist, the continuist, the futurist ? furnishes an exhaustive explanation, each one of these has its element of truth. Our Lord made the fulfillment of the prediction of his
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