Timothy 4:2 ? ?Preach the word?) The minister of the Gospel is called ?a scribe who hath been made a disciple to the kingdom of heaven?
( <401352>Matthew 13:52); the ?pastors? of the churches are at the same time to be ?teachers? ( <490411>Ephesians 4:11); the bishop must be ?apt to teach? ( <540302>1 Timothy 3:2), ?handling aright the word of truth? ( <550215>2 Timothy 2:15), ?holding to the faithful word which is according to the teaching, that he may be able both to exhort in the sound doctrine and to convict the gainsayers? ( <560109>Titus 1:9).
As a means of instructing the church and of securing progress in his own understanding of Christian truth, it is well for the pastor to preach regularly each month a doctrinal sermon, and to expound in course the principal articles of the faith. The treatment of doctrine in these sermons should be simple enough to be comprehensible by intelligent youth; it should he made vivid and interesting by the help of brief illustrations; and at least one third of each sermon should be devoted to the practical applications of the doctrine propounded. See Jonathan Edwards?s sermon on the Importance of the Knowledge of Divine Truth, in Works, 4:5-11. The actual sermons met Edwards, however, are not models of doctrinal preaching for our generation. They are too scholastic in form, too metaphysical for substance; there is too little of Scripture and too little of illustration. The doctrinal preaching of the English Puritans in a similar manner addressed itself almost wholly to adults. The preaching of our Lord on the other hand was adapted also to children. No pastor should count himself faithful; who permits his young people to grow up without regular instruction from the pulpit in the whole circle of Christian doctrine. Shakespeare, K. Henry VI, 2nd part, 4:7 ? ?Ignorance is the curse of God; knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaven.?
V. RELATION TO RELIGION. ?
Theology and religion are related to each other as effects, in different spheres, of the same cause. As theology is an effect produced in the sphere of systematic thought by the facts respecting God and the universe, so religion is an effect that these same facts produce in the sphere of individual and collective life. With 5 regard to the term ?religion?, notice:
(a) The derivation from relig?re, ?to bind back? (man to God), is negatived by the authority of Cicero and of the best modern etymologists; by the difficulty, on this hypothesis, of explaining such terms as religio, religens,
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