2. Rational intuitions, as space, time, substance cause, final cause, right, absolute being. We may accept this nomenclature, using the terms ?first truths? and ?rational intuitions? as equivalent of each other, and classifying rational intuitions under the heads of
(1) intuitions of relations, as space and time;
(2) intuitions of principles, as substance, cause, final cause, right and
(3) intuition of absolute Being, Power, Reason, Perfection, Personality, as God. We hold that, as upon occasion of the senses cognizing (a) extended matter, (b) succession,, (c) qualities, (d) cause, (e) design, (f) obligation, so upon occasion of our cognizing our finiteness, dependence and responsibility, the mind directly cognizes the existence of an Infinite and Absolute Authority, Perfection, Personality, upon whom we are dependent and to whom we are responsible.
Bowne, Theory of Thought and Knowledge, 60 ? ?As we walk in entire ignorance of our muscles, so we often thing in entire ignorance of the principles which underlie and determine thinking. But as anatomy reveals that the apparently simple act of waling involves a highly complex muscular activity, so analysis reveals that the apparently simple act of thinking involves a system of mental principles.? Dewey, Psychology, 238,244 ? ?Perception, memory, imagination, conception ? each of these is an act of intuition...Every concrete act of knowledge involves an intuition of God.? Martineau, Types, 1:459 ? The attempt to divest experience of either percepts or intuitions is ?like the attempt to peel a bubble in search for its colors and contents: in tenuem ex oculis evanuit auram?; Study 1:199 ? ?Try with all you might to do something difficult, e.g. to shut a door against a furious wind, and you recognize Self and Nature ? casual will, over against external causality?; 201 ? ?Hence our fellow feeling with Nature?; 65 ? ?As Perception gives Will in the shape of Causality over against us in the non-ego, so Conscience gives us Will in the shape of Authority over against us in the non-ego?; Types, 2:5 ? ?In perception it is self and nature, in morals it is self and God, that stand face to face in the subjective and objective antithesis?; Study, 2:2,3 ? ?In volitional experience we meet with objective causality ; in moral experience we meet with objective authority, ? both being objects of immediate knowledge, on the same footing of certainty with the apprehension of the external material world. I know of no logical advantage which the belief in finite objects around us can boast over the belief in the infinite and righteous Cause of all?; 51 ? ?In recognition of God as Cause, we raise the University; in recognition of God as Authority, we raise the Church.?
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