As slavery was ?the sum of all villainy,? so the Pelagian doctrine may be called the sum of all false doctrine. Pelagianism is a survival of paganism in its majestic egoism and self-complacency. ?Cicero, in his Natura Deorum, says that men thank the gods for external advantages but no man ever thanks the gods for his virtues ? that he is honest or pure or merciful. Pelagius was first roused to opposition by hearing a bishop in the public services of the church quote Augustine?s prayer: ?Da quod jubes, et jube quod vis? ? ?Give what thou commandest, and command what thou wilt.? From this he was led to formulate the gospel according to St. Cicero, so perfectly does the Pelagian doctrine reproduce the Pagan teaching.? The impulse of the Christian, on the other hand, is to refer all gifts and graces to a divine source in Christ and in the Holy Spirit.
<490210> Ephesians 2:10 ? ?For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God afore prepared that we should walk in them?; <431516>John 15:16 ? ?Ye did not choose me, but I chose you??; 1:13 ?who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man but of God? H. Auber: ?And every virtue we possess, And every victory won, And every thought of holiness, Are his alone.?
Augustine had said that ?Man is most free when controlled by God alone? ? ?[Deo] solo dominante, liberrimus? (De Mor. Ecclesiastes, xxi). Gore, in Lux Mundi, 320 ? ?In Christ humanity is perfect, because in him it retains no part of that false independence which, in all its manifold forms, is the secret of sin.? Pelagianism, on the contrary, is man?s declaration of independence. Harnack, Hist. Dogma, 5:200 ? ?The essence of Pelagianism, the key to its whole mode of thought, lies in this proposition of Julian: ?Homo a libero arbitrio emancipatus a Deo? ? man, created free, is in his whole being independent of God. He has no longer to do with God, but with himself alone. God re-enters man?s life only at the end, at the judgment ? a doctrine of the orphanage of humanity.?
B. It contradicts Scripture in denying
(a) that evil disposition and state, as well as evil acts, are sin.
(b) Such evil disposition and state are inborn in all mankind,
(c) Men universally are guilty of overt transgression so soon as they come to moral consciousness.
(d) No man is able without divine help to fulfill the law.
(e) All men, without exception, are dependent for salvation upon God?s atoning, regenerating, sanctifying grace.
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