naught him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; and might deliver all them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.?
Only God can forgive sin, because only God can feel it in its true heinousness and rate it at its true worth. Christ could forgive sin because he added to the divine feeling with regard to sin the anguish of a pure humanity on account of it. Shelley, Julian and Maddolo: ?Me, whose heart a stranger?s tear might wear, As water-drops the sandy fountain- stone; Me, who am as a nerve o?er which do creep The Else unfelt oppressions of the earth.? S. W. Culver: ?We cannot be saved, as we are taught geometry, by lecture and diagram. No person ever yet saved another from drowning by standing coolly by and telling him the importance of rising to the surface and the necessity of respiration. No, he must plunge into the destructive element and take upon himself the very condition of the drowning man and by the exertion of his own strength, by the vigor of his own life, save him from the impending death. When, your child is encompassed by flames that consume your dwelling, you will not save him by calling to him from without. You must make your way through the devouring flame, till you come personally into the very conditions of his peril and danger, and, thence returning, bear him forth to freedom and safety.?
Notice, however, that this guilt which Christ took upon himself by his union with humanity was not the guilt of personal sin (such guilt belongs to every adult member of the race). It was not even the guilt of inherited depravity (such guilt as belongs to infants and to those who have not come to moral consciousness). It was solely the guilt of Adam?s sin, which belongs, prior to personal transgression and apart from inherited depravity, to every member of the race who has derived his life from Adam. This original sin and inherited guilt but without the depravity that ordinarily accompanies them, Christ takes and so takes away. He can justly bear penalty, because he inherits guilt. And since this guilt is not his personal guilt but the guilt of that one sin in which ?all sinned? ? the guilt of the common transgression of the race in Adam, the guilt of the root-sin from which all other sins have sprung ? he who is personally pure can vicariously bear the penalty due to the sin of all.
Christ was conscious of innocence in his personal relations, but not in his race relations. He gathered into himself all the penalties of humanity, as Winkelried gathered into his own bosom at Sempach the pikes of the Austrians and so made a way for the victorious Swiss. Christ took to
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