while the mute creation downward bend Their sight, and to their earthly mother tend, Man looks aloft, and with erected eyes Beholds his own hereditary skies.? ( Anqrwpov from ajna>, a]nw> , suffix tra , and w=y , with reference to the upright posture.) Milton speaks of ?the human face divine.? S. S. Times, July 28, 1900 ? ?Man is the only erect being among living creatures. He alone looks up naturally and without effort. He foregoes his birthright when he looks only at what is on a level with his eyes and occupies himself only with what lies in the plane of his own existence.?
Bretschneider (Dogmatik, 1:682) regards the Scripture as teaching that the image of God consists in bodily resemblance to the Creator, but considers this as only the imperfect method of representation belonging to an early age. See Strauss, Glaubenslehre, 1:687. They refer to <010207>Genesis 2:7 ? ?And Jehovah God formed man of the dust of the ground?; 3:8 ? ?Jehovah God walking in the garden.? But see <011105>Genesis 11:5 ? ?And Jehovah came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded?; <236601>Isaiah 66:1 ? ?Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool?; <110827>1 Kings 8:27 ? ?behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain the.? On the Anthropomorphites, see Hagenbach, Hist. Doct., 1:103, 308,491. For answers to Bretschneider and Strauss, see Philippi, Glaubenslehre, 2:364.
(b) Subjection of the sensuous impulses to the control of the spirit.
Here we are to hold a middle ground between two extremes. On the one hand, the first man possessed a body and a spirit so fitted to each other that no conflict was felt between their several claims. On the other hand, this physical perfection was not final and absolute, but relative and provisional. There was still room for progress to a higher state of being ( <010322>Genesis 3:22).
Sir Henry Watton?s Happy Life: ?That man was free from servile bands Of hope to rise or fear to fall, Lord of himself if not of lands, And having nothing yet had all.? Here we hold to the uquale temperamentum . There was no disease, but rather the joy of abounding health. Labor was only a happy activity. God?s infinite creator-ship and fountainhead of being was typified in man?s powers of generation. But there was no concerted opposition of sense and reason, nor an imperfect physical nature with whose impulses reason was at war. With this moderate Scriptural doctrine, contrast the exaggerations of the fathers and of the scholastics. Augustine says that Adam?s reason was to our what the bird?s is to that of the tortoise; propagation in the unfallen state would have been without
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