unity] is identical with that which underlies Christian theology.? See Pfleiderer and Lotze on personality, in this Compendium, p. 104.

(c) This oneness of essence explains the fact that, while Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, as respects their personality, are distinct subsistences, there is an inter-communion of persons and an immanence of one divine person in another, which permits the peculiar work of one to be ascribed, with a single limitation, to either of the others, and the manifestation of one to be recognized in the manifestation of another. The limitation is simply this, that although the Son was sent by the Father and the Spirit by the Father and the Son, it cannot be said vice versa that the Father is sent either by the Son, or by the Spirit. The Scripture representations of this inter- communion prevent us from conceiving of the distinctions called Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as involving separation between them.

Dorner adds that ?in one is each of the others.? This is true with the limitation mentioned in the text above. Whatever Christ does, God the Father can be said to do; for God acts only in and through Christ the Revealer. Whatever the Holy Spirit does, Christ can be said to do; for the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ. The Spirit is the omnipresent Jesus, and Bengel?s dictum is true: ?Ubi Spiritus, ibi Christus.? Passages illustrating this inter-communion are the following: <010101>Genesis 1:1 ? ?God created?; cf. <580102>Hebrews 1:2 ? ?through whom [the Son] also he made the worlds?; <430517>John 5:17,19 ? ?My Father worketh even until now, and I work? The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father doing; for what things soever he doeth, these the Son also doeth in like manner?; 14:9 ? ?he that hath seen me hath seen the Father?; 11 ? ?I am in the Father and the Father in me?; 18 ? ?I will not leave you desolate: I come unto you? (by the Holy Spirit); 15:26 ? ?when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth?; 17:21 ? ?that they may all be one; even as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee?; <470519>2 Corinthians 5:19 ? ?God was in Christ reconciling?; <560210>Titus 2:10 ? ?God our Savior?; <581223>Hebrews 12:23 ? ?God the Judge of all?: cf. <430522>John 5:22 ? ?neither doth the Father judge any man, but he hath given all judgment unto the Son?; <441731>Acts 17:31 ? ?judge the world in righteousness by the man whom he hath ordained.?

It is this inter-communion, together with the order of personality and operation to be mentioned hereafter, which explains the occasional use of the term ?Father? for the whole Godhead; as in <490406>Ephesians 4:6 ? ?one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all [in Christ], and in you all? [by the Spirit]. This inter-communion also explains the

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