one Is launched, from Zeus, the thunder-stone. Therefore do I decide for so much and no more prosperity than of his envy passes unespied.? Though the gods might have favorites, they did not love men as men, but rather, envied and hated them. William James, Is Life Worth Living? Internat. Jour. Ethics, Oct. 1895:10 ? ?All we know of good and beauty proceeds from nature, but none the less all we know of evil...To such a harlot we owe no moral allegiance...If there be a divine Spirit of the universe, nature, such as we know her, cannot possibly be its ultimate word to man. Either there is no Spirit revealed in nature, or else it is inadequately revealed there; and, as all the higher religions have assumed, what we call visible nature, or this world, must be but a veil and surface show whose full meaning resides in a supplementary unseen or other world.?
(b) Versus Socrates: Men will do right, if they only know the right. Pfleiderer Philos. Relig., 1:219 ? ?In opposition to the opinion of Socrates that badness rests upon ignorance, Aristotle already called the fact to mind that the doing of the good is not always combined with the knowing of it, seeing that it depends also on the passions. If badness consisted only in the want of knowledge, then those who are theoretically most cultivated must also be morally the best, which no one will venture to assert.? W.S. Lilly, On Shibboleths: ?Ignorance is often held to be the root of all evil. But mere knowledge cannot transform character. It cannot minister to a mind diseased. It cannot convert the will from bad to good. It may turn crime into different channels, and render it less easy to detect. It does not change man?s natural propensities or his disposition to gratify them at the expense of others. Knowledge makes the good man more powerful for good, the bad man more powerful for evil. And that is all it can do.? Gore, Incarnation, 174 ? ?We must not depreciate the method of argument, for Jesus and Paul occasionally used it in a Socratic fashion, but we must recognize that it is not the basis of the Christian system nor the primary method of Christianity.? Martineau, in Nineteenth Century, 1:331, 531, and Types, 1:112 ? ?Plato dissolved the idea of the right into that of the good, and this again was indistinguishably mingled with that of the true and the beautiful.? See also Flint, Theism, 305.
(c) Versus Thomas Paine: ?Natural religion teaches us, without the possibility of being mistaken, all that is necessary or proper to be known.? Plato, Laws, 9:854, c, for substance: ?Be good; but, if you cannot, then kill yourself.? Farrar, Darkness and Dawn, 75 ? ?Plato says that man will never know God until God has revealed himself in the guise of suffering man, and that, when all is on the verge of destruction, God sees the distress of the universe, and, placing himself at the rudder, restores it
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