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man?s free will. This principle enables us properly to estimate the view of Dr. Henry E. Robins, which follows.

H. E. Robins, Harmony of Ethics with Theology, 51 ? ?All men born of Adam stand in such a relation to Christ that salvation is their birthright under promise; a birthright which can only be forfeited by their intelligent, personal, moral action, as was Esau?s.? Dr. Robins holds to an inchoate justification of all ? a justification, which becomes actual and complete only when the soul closes with Christ?s offer to the sinner. We prefer to say that humanity in Christ is ideally justified because Christ himself is justified but that individual men are justified only when they consciously appropriate his offered grace or surrender themselves to his renewing Spirit. Allen, Jonathan Edwards, 312 ? ?The grace of God is as organic in its relation to man as is the evil in his nature. Grace also reigns wherever justice reigns.? William Ashmore, on the New Trial of the Sinner, in Christian Review, 26:245-264 ? ?There is a gospel of nature commensurate with the law of nature; <450322>Romans 3:22 ? ?unto all, and upon all them that believe?; the first ?all? is unlimited; the second ?all? is limited to those who believe.?

R. W. Dale, Ephesians,180 ? ?Our fortunes were identified with the fortunes of Christ; in the divine thought and purpose we were inseparable from him. Had we been true and loyal to the divine idea, the energy of Christ?s righteousness would have drawn us upward to height after height of goodness and joy, until we ascended from this earthly life to the larger powers and loftier services and richer delights of other and more divine worlds and still, through one golden age of intellectual and ethical and spiritual growth after another, we should have continued to rise towards Christ?s transcendent find infinite perfection. But we sinned. As the union between Christ and us could not be broken without the final and irrevocable defeat of the divine purpose, Christ was drawn down from the serene heavens to the confused and troubled life of our race to experience pain, temptation, anguish, the cross and the grave. So it is that the mystery of his atonement for our sin was consummated.?

For replies to the foregoing and other objections, see Schaff, in Bibliotheca Sacra, 5:230; Shedd, Sermons to the Nat. Man, 266-284; Baird, Elohim Revealed, 507-509, 529-544; Birks, Difficulties of Belief, 134-188; Edwards, Original Sin, in Works, 2:473-510; Atwater, on Calvinism in Doctrine and Life, in Princeton Review. 1875:73; Stearns, Evidence of Christian Experience, 96-100. Per contra, see Moxom, in Bap. Rev., 1881:273-287; Park Discourses, 210-233; Bradford, Heredity, 237.

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