labor among you, and are over you n the Lord, and admonish you; and to esteem them exceeding highly in love for their work?s sake.? So the word ?foreknow?: <451102>Romans 11:2 ? ?God did not cast off his people whom he foreknew?; <600120>1 Peter 1:20 ? Christ, ?who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world.?
Broadus on <400723>Matthew 7:23 ? ?I never knew you? ? says; ?Not in all the passages quoted above nor elsewhere, is there occasion for the oft- repeated arbitrary notion, derived from the Fathers, that ?know? conveys the additional idea of approve or regard. It denotes acquaintance with all its pleasures and advantages; ?knew,? i.e., as mine, as my people.?
But this last admission seems to grant what Broadus had before denied. See Thayer, Lex. N. T., on ginw>skw : ?With acc. of person, to recognize as worthy of intimacy and love; so those whom God has judged worthy of the blessings of the gospel are said uJpo< tou~ qeou~ ginw>skesqai ( <460803>1 Corinthians 8:3; <480409>Galatians 4:9); negatively in the sentence of Christ: oujde>pote e]gnwn uJmav , ?I never knew you,? ?never had any acquaintance with you.? On proginw>skw , <450829>Romans 8:29 ? ou}v proe>gnw , ?whom he foreknew,? see Denney, in Expositor?s Greek Testament, in loco: ?Those whom he foreknew ? in what sense? As persons who would answer his love with love? This is at least irrelevant and alien to Paul?s general method of thought. That salvation begins with God and begins in eternity are fundamental ideas with him, which he here applies to Christians without raising any of the problems involved in the relation of the human will to the divine. Yet we may be sure that proe>gnw has the pregnant sense that ginw>skw often has in Scripture.
e.g., in <190106>Psalm 1:6; <300302>Amos 3:2; hence we may render: ?those of whom God took knowledge from eternity (Ephesiansl:4).??
In <450828>Romans 8:28-30, quoted above, ?foreknew? = elected ? that is, made certain individuals, in the future, the objects of his love and care; ?foreordained? describes God?s designation of these same individuals to receive the special gift of salvation. In other words, ?foreknowledge? is of persons and ?foreordination? is of blessings to be bestowed upon them. Hooker, Eccl. Pol., appendix to book v, (vol. 2:751) ? ??whom he did foreknow? (know before as his own, with determination to be forever merciful to them) ?he also predestinated to be conformed to the image of his son? ? predestinated, not to opportunity of conformation, but to conformation itself.? So, for substance, Calvin, Ruckert, DeWette, Stuart, Jowett, Vaughan. On <600101>1 Peter 1:1, 2 see Com. of Plumptre. The Arminian interpretation of ?whom he foreknew? ( <450829>Romans 8:29) would require the phrase ?as conformed to the image of his Son? to be conjoined
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