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Expositor, Oct. 1887:264 sq ., and letter of Irving to Marcus Dods, in British Weekly, Mch. 25, 1887. For other references, see Hagenbach, Hist. Doct., 2:496-498.

Irving?s followers differ in their representation of his views. Says Miller, Hist. and Doct. of Irvingism, 1:85 ? ?If indeed we made Christ a sinner, then indeed all creeds are at an end and we are worthy to die the death of blasphemers. The miraculous conception depriveth him of human personality and it also depriveth him of original sin and guilt needing to be atoned for by another. It doth not deprive him of the substance of sinful flesh and blood, that is, flesh and blood the same with the flesh and blood of his brethren.? 2:14 ? Freer says: ?So that, despite it was fallen flesh, he had assumed he was, through the Eternal Spirit, born into the world ?the Holy Thing?.? 11-15, 282-305 ? ?Unfallen humanity needed not redemption, therefore, Jesus did not take it. He took fallen humanity but purged it in the act of taking it. The nature of which he took part was sinful in the lump, but in his person most holy.?

So, says an Irvingian tract, ?Being part of the very nature that had incurred the penalty of sin, though in his person never having committed or even thought it, part of the common humanity could suffer that penalty, and did so suffer, to make atonement for that nature, though he who took it knew no sin.? Dr. Curry, quoted in McClintock and Strong, Encyclopedia, 4:663, 664 ? ?The Godhead came into vital union with humanity fallen and under the law. The last thought carried, to Irving?s realistic mode of thinking, the notion of Christ?s participation in the fallen character of humanity, which he designated by terms that implied a real sinfulness in Christ. He attempted to get rid of the odiousness of that idea by saying that this was overborne and at length wholly expelled by the indwelling Godhead.?

We must regard the later expounders of Irvingian doctrine as having softened down, if they have not wholly expunged, its most characteristic feature. The following quotation from Irving?s own words will show this. Works, 5:115 ? ?That Christ took our fallen nature, is most manifest, because there was no other in existence to take.? 123 ? ?The human nature is thoroughly fallen. The mere apprehension of it by the Son doth not make it holy.? 128 ? ?His soul did mourn and grieve and pray to God continually that it might be delivered from the mortality, corruption and temptation, which it felt in its fleshly tabernacle.? 152 ? ?These sufferings came not by imputation merely but by actual participation of the sinful and cursed thing.? Irving frequently quoted <580210>Hebrews 2:10 ? ?make the author of their salvation perfect through sufferings.?

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