duplicated. Everything in the Father is repeated or expressed again, and that fully, so that there is properly no inferiority.? Edwards, Essay on the Trinity (edited by Fisher), 110-116 ? ?The Father is the Deity subsisting in the prime, unoriginated, and most absolute manner, or the Deity in its direct existence. The Son is the Deity generated by God?s understanding, or having an Idea of himself and subsisting in that Idea. The Holy Ghost is the Deity subsisting in act, or the divine essence flowing out and breathed forth in God?s infinite love to and delight in himself. And I believe the whole divine essence does truly and distinctly subsist both in the divine Idea and in the divine Love, and each of them are properly distinct persons. We find no other attributes of which it is said in Scripture that they are God, or that God is they, but logo>v and ajga>ph , the Reason and the Love of God, Light not being different from Reason? Understanding may be predicated of this Love? It is not a blind Love? The Father has Wisdom or Reason by the Son?s being in him? Understanding is in the Holy Spirit, because the Son is in him.? Yet Dr. Edwards A. Park declared eternal generation to be ?eternal nonsense,? and is thought to have hid Edwards?s unpublished Essay on the Trinity for many years because it taught this doctrine.
The New Testament calls Christ Qeo>v , but not oJ Qeo>v . We frankly recognize an eternal subordination of Christ to the Father, but we maintain at the same time that this subordination is a subordination of order, office, and operation, not a subordination of essence. ?Non de essentia dicitur, sed de ministeriis.? E. G. Robinson: ?An eternal generation is necessarily an eternal subordination and dependence. This seems to be fully admitted even by the most orthodox of the Anglican writers, such as Pearson and Hooker. Christ?s subordination to the Father is merely official, not essential.? Whiton, Gloria Patri, 42, 96 ? ?The early Trinitarians by eternal Sonship meant, first that it is of the very nature of Deity to issue forth into visible expression. Thus next, that this outward expression of God is not something other than God, but God himself, in a self-expression as divine as the hidden Deity. Thus they answered Philip?s cry, ?show us the Father, and it sufficeth us? ( <431408>John 14:8), and thus they affirmed Jesus? declaration, they secured Paul?s faith that God has never left himself without witness. They meant, ?he that hath seen me hath seen the Father? ( <431409>John 14:9)? The Father is the Life transcendent, the divine Source, ?above all?; the Son is the Life immanent, the divine Stream, ?through all the Holy Spirit is the Life individualized, ?in all? ( <490406>Ephesians 4:6). The Holy Spirit has been called ?the executive of the Godhead.?? Whiton is here speaking of the economic Trinity; but all this is even truer of the immanent Trinity. On the Eternal Sonship, see
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