Carthage formally recognized it (397); from that time the Latin churches united with the East in receiving it, and thus the doubt was finally and forever removed.
The Epistle to the Hebrews, the style of which is so unlike that of the Apostle Paul, was possibly written by Apollos, who was an Alexandrian Jew, ?a learned man? and ?mighty in the Scriptures? ( <441824>Acts 18:24); but it may notwithstanding have been written at the suggestion and under the direction of Paul, and so be essentially Pauline. A. C. Kendrick, in American Commentary on Hebrews, points out that while the style of Paul is prevailingly dialectic, and only in rapt moments becomes rhetorical or poetic, the style of the Epistle to the Hebrews is prevailingly rhetorical, is free from anacoloutha, and is always dominated by emotion, he holds that these characteristics point to Apollos as its author. Contrast also Paul?s method of quoting the Old Testament: ?it is written?
( <451108>Romans 11:8; <460131>1 Corinthians 1:31; <480310>Galatians 3:10) with that of the Hebrews: ?he saith? (8:5, 13), ?he hath said? (4:4).
Paul quotes the Old Testament fifty or sixty times, but never in this latter way. <580203>Hebrews 2:3 ? ?which having at the first been spoken by the Lord, was confirmed unto us by them that heard? ? shows that the writer did not receive the gospel at first hand. Luther and Calvin rightly saw in this a decisive proof that Paul was not the author, for he always insisted on the primary and independent character of his gospel. Harnack formerly thought the epistle written by Barnabas to Christians at Rome, AD 8-96. More recently however he attributes it to Priscilla, the wife of Aquila, or to their joint authorship. The majesty of its diction, however, seems unfavorable to this view. William T.C. Hanna: ?The words of the author? are marshaled grandly, and move with the tread of an army, or with the swell of a tidal wave?; see Franklin Johnson, Quotations in New Testament from Old Testament, xii. Plumptre, Introduction to New Testament, 37, and in Expositor, Vol. I, regards the author of this epistle as the same with that of the Apocryphal Wisdom of Solomon, the latter being composed before, the former after the writer?s conversion to Christianity. Perhaps our safest conclusion is that of Origen: ?God only knows who wrote it.? Harnack however remarks: ?The time in which our ancient Christian literature, the New Testament included, was considered as a web of delusions and falsifications is past. The oldest literature of the church is, in its main points, and in most of its details, true and trustworthy.? See articles on Hebrews in Smith?s and in Hastings? Bible Dictionaries,
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