virtues under the one virtue of love. ?The unity of the virtues is due to the unity of a personality, in active and varied relations with other persons?
(361). If benevolence means wishing happiness to all men, then happiness is made the ultimate good, and eud^monisin is accepted as the true ethical philosophy. But if, on the other hand, in order to avoid this conclusion, benevolence is made to mean wishing the highest welfare to all men, and the highest welfare is conceived as a life of virtue, then we come to the rather inane conclusion that the essence of virtue is to wish that men may be virtuous.? See also art, by Vos, in Presb. and Ref. Rev., Jan. 1892:1-37.
(c) Nor is God?s love merely a regard for being in general, irrespective of its moral quality.
Jonathan Edwards, in his treatise On the Nature of Virtue, defines virtue as regard for being in general. He considers that God?s love is first of all directed toward himself as having the greatest quantity of being, and only secondarily directed toward his creatures whose quantity of being is infinitesimal as compared with his. But we reply that being in general is far too abstract a thing to elicit or justify love. Charles Hodge said truly that, if obligation is primarily due to being in general, then there is no more virtue in loving God than there is in loving Satan. Virtue, we ?hold, must consist, not in love for being in general, but in love for good being, that is, in love for God as holy. Love has no moral value, except as it is placed upon a right object and is proportioned to the worth of that object. ?Love of being in general? makes virtue an irrational thing, because it has no standard of conduct. Virtue is rather the love of God as right and as the source of right.
G. S. Lee, The Shadow-cross, 38 ? ?God is love, and law is the way he loves us. But it is also true that God is law, and love is the way he rules us.? Clarke, Christian Theology, 83 ? ?Love is God?s desire to impart himself, and so all good, to other persons, and to possess them for his own spiritual fellowship.? The intent to communicate himself is the intent to communicate holiness, and this is the ?terminus ad quem? of God?s administration. Drummond, in his Ascent of Man, shows that Love began with the first cell of life. Evolution is not a tale of battle, but a love story. We gradually pass from selfism to otherism. Evolution is the object of nature, and altruism is the object of evolution. Man = nutrition, looking to his own things; Woman = reproduction, looking to the things of others. But the greatest of these is love. The mammalia = the mothers, last and highest, care for others. As the mother gives love, so the father gives righteousness. Law, once a latent thing, now becomes active. The father
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