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actions not morally referable to himself. This doctrine of free will relieves Milton from the charge of pantheism; see Masson, Life of Milton, 6:824826. Lotze, Philos. Religion, xlviii, li, distinguishes creation from emanation by saying that creation necessitates a divine Will, while emanation flows by natural consequence from the being of God. God?s motive in creation is love, which urges him to communicate his holiness to other beings. God creates individual finite spirits, and then permits the thought, which at first was only his, to become the thought of these other spirits. This transference of his thought by will is the creation of the world. F. W. Farrar, on <580102>Hebrews 1:2 ? ?The word ^on was used by the Gnostics to describe the various emanations by which they tried at once to widen and to bridge over the gulf between the human and the divine. Over that imaginary chasm John threw the arch of the Incarnation, when he wrote: ?The Word became flesh? ( <430114>John 1:14).?

Individualism admits dualism but not complete division. Still our dualism holds to underground connections of life between man and man, man and nature and man and God. Even the physical creation is ethical at heart; each thing is dependent on other things, and must serve them, or lose its own life and beauty. The branch must abide in the vine, or it withers and is cut off and burned? (275).

Swedenborg held to emanation ? see Divine Love and Wisdom, 283, 303,305 ? ?Every one who thinks from clear reason sees that the universe is not created from nothing? All things were created out of a substance? As God alone is substance in itself and therefore the real esse, it is evidence that the existence of things is from no other source? Yet the created universe is not God, because God is not in time and space? There is a creation of the universe, and of all things therein, by continual mediations from the First? In the substances and matters of which the earth consists there is nothing of the Divine in itself, but they are deprived of all that is divine in itself? Still they have brought with them by continuation from the substance of the spiritual sum that which was there from the Divine.? Swedenborgianism is ?materialism driven deep and clinched on the inside.? This system reverses the Lord?s prayer; it should read: ?As on earth, so in heaven.? He disliked certain sects, and he found that all who belonged to those sects were in the hells, condemned to everlasting punishment. The truth is not materialistic emanation, as Swedenborg imagined, but rather divine energizing in space and time. The universe is God?s system of graded self-limitation, from matter up to mind. It has had a beginning, and God has instituted it. It is a finite and partial manifestation of the infinite Spirit. Matter is an expression of spirit, but not an emanation from spirit, any more than our thoughts and

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