<411230> Mark 12:30 ? ?thou shalt love the Lord thy God? with all thy soul?;
<420146> Luke 1:46 ? ?M y soul doth magnify the Lord?; <010618>Genesis 6:18, 19 ? ?the hope set before us: which we have as an anchor of the soul?;
<590121> James 1:21 ? ?the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.?
<410836> Mark 8:36, 37 ? ?For what doth it profit a man, to gain the whole world, and forfeit his life [or ?soul, yuch> ]? For what should a man give in exchange for his life [or ?soul,? yuch> ]??
(f) The passages chiefly relied upon as supporting trichotomy may be better explained upon the view already indicated, that soul and spirit are not two distinct substances or parts, but that they designate the immaterial principle from different points of view.
<520523> 1 Thess. 5:23 ? ?may your spirit and soul and body be preserved entire? This is not a scientific enumeration of the constituent parts of human nature, but a comprehensive sketch of that nature in its chief relations. Compare <411230>Mark 12:30 ? ?thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength? ? where none would think of finding proof of a fourfold division of human nature. On 1Thess. 5:23, see Riggenbach (in Lange?s Com.), and Commentary of Prof. W. A. Stevens. <580412>Hebrews 4:12 ? ?piercing even to the dividing of soul and spirit of both joints and marrow? = not the dividing of soul from spirit or of Joints from marrow, but rather the piercing of the soul and of the spirit, even to their very joints and marrow; i.e., to the very depths of the spiritual nature. On
<580412> Hebrews 4:12, see Ebrard (in Olshausen?s Com.), and Lunemann (in Meyer?s Com.); also Tholuck, Com. in loco . Jude 19 ? ?sensual, having not the Spirit? ( yucikoi>, pneu~ma mh< e]contev ) ? even though pneu~ma = the human spirit, need not mean that there is no spirit existing, but only that the spirit is torpid and inoperative ? as we say of a weak man: ?he has no mind,? or of an unprincipled man: ?he has no conscience?; so Alford; see Nitzsch, Christian Doctrine, 202. But pneu~ma here probably = the divine pneu~ma . Meyer takes this view, and the Revised Version capitalizes the word ?Spirit.? See Goodwin, Soc. Bib. Exegesis, 1881:85 ? ?The distinction between yuch> and pneu~ma is a functional and not a substantial, distinction.? Moule, Outlines of Christian Doctrine, 161, 162 ? ?Soul = spirit organized, Inseparably linked with the body; spirit = man?s inner being considered as God?s gift. Soul ? man?s inner being viewed as his own; spirit = man?s inner being viewed as from God. They are not separate elements.? See Lightfoot, Essay on St. Paul and Seneca,
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