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there is that element of truth in Parseeism but there is no reconciliation nor is it shown that all things work together for good. E. H. Johnson: ?This theory sets up matter as a sort of deity, a senseless idol endowed with the truly divine attribute of self-existence; we can acknowledge but one God. To erect matter into an eternal Thing, independent of the Almighty but forever beside him, is the most revolting of all theories.? Tennyson, Unpublished Poem (Life, 314) ? ?Oh me! for why is all around us here As if some lesser God had made the world, But had not force to shape it as he would Till the high God behold it from beyond, And enter it and make it beautiful??

E. G. Robinson: ?Evil is not eternal; if it were, we should be paying our respects to it? There is much Manich«ism in modern piety. We would influence soul through the body. Hence sacramentarianism and penance. Puritanism is theological Manich«anism. Christ recommended fasting because it belonged to his age. Christianity came from Judaism. Churchism comes largely from reproducing what Christ did. Christianity is not perfunctory in its practices. We are to fast only when there is good reason for it.? L. H. Mills, New World, March, 1895:51, suggests that Phariseeism may be the same with Farseeism, which is but another name for Parseeism. He thinks that Resurrection, Immortality, Paradise, Satan, Judgment, Hell, came from Persian sources and gradually drove out the old Sadduceean simplicity. Pfleiderer, Philos. Religion, 1:206 ? ?According to the Persian legend, the first human pair was a good creation of the all-wise Spirit, Ahura, who had breathed into them his own breath. But soon the primeval men allowed themselves to be seduced by the hostile Spirit Angromainyu into lying and idolatry, whereby the evil spirits obtained power over them and the earth and spoiled the good creation.?

Disselhoff, Die klassische Poesie und die gottliche Offenbarung, 13-25 ? ?The Gathas of Zoroaster are the first poems of humanity. In them man rouses himself to assert his superiority to nature and the spirituality of God. God is not identified with nature. The impersonal nature gods are vain idols and are causes of corruption. Their worshipers are servants of falsehood. Ahura Mazda (living wise) is a moral and spiritual personality. Ahriman is equally eternal but not equally powerful. Good has not complete victory over evil. Dualism is admitted and unity is lost. The conflict of faiths leads to separation. While one portion of the race remains in the Iranian highlands to maintain man?s freedom and independence of nature, another portion goes southeast to the luxuriant banks of the Ganges to serve the deified forces of nature. The East stands for unity, as the West for duality. Yet Zoroaster in the Gathas is almost

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