God? ? emphasis on ?gave? ? intimation that the ?becoming children? is not subsequent to the justification, but is a part of it.

Ellicott on <560307>Titus 3:7 ? ? dikaioqe>ntev , ?justified,? in the usual and more strict theological sense not however, as implying only a mere outward non-imputation of sin. It is involving a ?mutationem status,? an acceptance into new privileges, and an enjoyment of the benefits thereof (Waterland, Justif. vol. vi, p.5); in the words of the same writer: ?Justification cannot be conceived without some work of the Spirit in conferring a title to salvation.?? The prisoner who has simply served out his term escapes without further punishment and that is all. But the pardoned man receives back in his pardon the full rights of citizenship, can again vote, serve on juries, testify in court and exercise all his individual liberties as the discharged convict cannot. The Society of Friends is so called, not because they are friends to one another but because they regard themselves as friends of God. So, in the Middle Ages, Master Eckart, John Tauler and Henry Suso, called themselves the friends of God, after the pattern of Abraham. 2Chron. 20:7 ? ?Abraham thy friend?; <590223>James 2:23 ? ?Abraham believed God and it was reckoned unto him for righteousness; and he was called the friend of God?, i.e. , one not merely acquitted from the charge of sin, but also admitted into favor and intimacy with God.

(b) This restoration to favor, viewed in its aspect as the renewal of a broken friendship, is denominated reconciliation; viewed in its aspect as a renewal of the soul?s true relation to God as a father, it is denominated adoption.

<430112> John 1:12 ? ?But as many as received him, to them gave he the right to become children of God, even to them that believe on his name?;

<450511> Romans 5:11 ? ?and not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation?; <480404>Galatians 4:4, 5 ? ?born under the law, that he might redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons?; <490105>Ephesians 1:5 ? ?having foreordained us unto adoption as sons through Jesus Christ unto himself?; cf. <450823>Romans 8:23 ? ?even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for our adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body? ? that is, this adoption is completed, so far as the body is concerned, at the resurrection.

Luther called Psalms 32, 51, 130, 143 ?the Pauline Psalms,? because these declare forgiveness to be granted to the believer without law and without works. <19D003>Psalm 130:3, 4 ? ?If thou, Jehovah, shouldst mark

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