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of its utilitarian disadvantages, and to imply that good has no independent existence in his nature. Bowne, Ethics, 171 ? ?Merit is desert of reward, or better, desert of moral approval.? Tennyson: ?For merit lives from man to man, And not from man, O Lord, to thee.? Baxter: ?Desert is written over the gate of hell but over the gate of heaven only, The Gift of God.?

(e) Justice in God, as the revelation of his holiness, is devoid of all passion or caprice. There is in God no selfish anger. The penalties he inflicts upon transgression are not vindictive but vindicative. They express the revulsion of God?s nature front moral evil, the judicial indignation of purity against impurity, the self-assertion of infinite holiness against its antagonist and would be destroyer. But because its decisions are calm, they are irreversible.

Anger, within certain limits, is a duty of man. <199710>Psalm 97:10 ? ?ye that love Jehovah, hate evil? <490426>Ephesians 4:26 ? ?Be ye angry, and sin not.? The calm indignation of the judge, who pronounces sentence with tears, is the true image of the holy anger of God against sin. Weber, Zorn Gottes, 28 , makes wrath only the jealousy of love. It is more truly the jealousy of holiness. Prof. W. A. Stevens, Com. on 1 Thessalonians 2:10 ? ?holily and righteously are terms that describe the same conduct in two aspects; the former, as conformed to God?s character in itself; the latter, as conformed to his law; both are positive.? Lillie, on <530106>2 Thessalonians 1:6 ? ?Judgment is ?a righteous thing with God. Divine justice requires it for its own satisfaction.? See Shedd, Dogmatic Theology, 1:175-178, 365-385; Trench, Syn. New Testament, 1:180, 181.

Of Gaston de Foix, the old chronicler admirably wrote: ?He loved what ought to be loved, and hated what ought to be hated, and never had miscreant with him.? Compare <19A105>Psalm 101:5, 6 ? ?Him that hath a high look and a proud heart will I not suffer. Mine eyes shall he upon the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me.? Even Horace Bushnell spoke of the ?wrath ? principle? in God. <111109>1 Kings 11:9 ? ?And Jehovah was angry with Solomon? because of his polygamy. Jesus? anger was no less noble than his love. The love of the right involved hatred of the wrong. Those may hate who hate evil for its hatefulness and for the sake of God. Elate sin in yourself first, and then you may hate it in itself and in the world. Be angry only in Christ and with the wrath of God. W. C. Wilkinson, Epic of Paul, 264 ? ?But we must purge ourselves of self- regard, Or we are sinful in abhorring sin.? Instance Judge Harris?s pity, as he sentenced the murderer; see A. H. Strong, Philosophy and Religion, 192, 193.

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