developed not from the ape but away from the ape. He was never anything but potential man. He did not, as man, come into being until he became a conscious moral agent.? This conscious moral nature, which we call personality, requires a divine Author, because it surpasses all the powers, which can be found in the animal creation. Romanes, Mental Evolution in Animals, tells us that:
1. Mollusca learn by experience.
2. Insects and spiders recognize offspring.
3. Fishes make mental association of objects by their similarity.
4. Reptiles recognize persons.
5. Hymenoptera, as bees and ants, communicate ideas.
6. Birds recognize pictorial representations and understand words.
7. Rodents, as rats and foxes, understand mechanisms
8. Monkeys and elephants learn to use tools.
9. Anthropoid apes and dogs have indefinite morality.
But it is definite and not indefinite morality, which differences man from the brute. Drummond, in his Ascent of Man, concedes that man passed through a period when he resembled the ape more than any known animal, but at the same time declares that no anthropoid ape could develop into a man. The brute can be defined in terms of man, but man cannot be defined in terms of the brute. It is significant that in insanity the higher endowments of man disappear in an order precisely the reverse of that in which, according to the development theory, they have been acquired. The highest part of man totters first. The last added is first to suffer. Man moreover can transmit his own acquisitions to his posterity, as the brute cannot. Weismann, Heredity. 2:69 ? ?The evolution of music does not depend upon any increase of the musical faculty or any alteration in the inherent physical nature of man, but solely upon the power of transmitting the intellectual achievements of each generation to those which follow. This, more than anything, is the cause of the superiority of men over animals ? this, and not merely human faculty, although it may be admitted that this latter is much higher than in animals.? To this utterance of Weismann we would add that human progress depends quite as much upon man?s power of reception as upon man?s power of transmission. Interpretation must equal expression and, in this interpretation of the past, man has a guarantee of the future that the brute does not possess.
(c) Psychology, however, comes in to help our interpretation of Scripture. The radical differences between man?s soul and the principle of intelligence in the lower animals, show that which chiefly constitutes him, man could
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