passages show that it was not to the eleven apostles alone that Jesus committed the ordinances.
<461102> 1 Corinthians 11:2 ? ?Now I praise you that ye remember me in all things, and hold fast the traditions, even as I delivered them to you?; cf. 23, 24 ? ?For I received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which he was betrayed took bread; and when he had given thanks, he brake it and said, This is my body, which is for you: this do in remembrance of me? ? here Paul commits the Lord?s Supper into the charge, not of the body of officials, but of the whole church. Baptism and the Lord?s Supper, therefore, are not to be administered at the discretion of the individual minister. He is simply the organ of the church and pocket baptismal and communion services are without warrant. See Curtis, Progress of Baptist Principles, 299; Robinson, Harmony of Gospels, notes, 6170.
(d) From the election by the whole church, of its own officers and delegates. In <441423>Acts 14:23, the literal interpretation of ceirotonh>santev is not to be pressed. In <560105>Titus 1:5, ?when Paul empowers Titus to set presiding officers over the communities, this circumstance decides nothing as to the mode of choice nor is a choice by the community itself thereby necessarily excluded.?
<440123> Acts 1:23, 26 ? ?And they put forward two...and they gave lots for them; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles?; 6:3, 5 ? ?Look ye out therefore, brethren, from among you seven men of good report... And the saying pleased the whole multitude: and they chose Stephen...and Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolaus? ? as deacons; <441302>Acts 13:2, 3 ? ?And as they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. Then, when they had fasted and prayed and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.?
On this passage, see Meyer?s comment: ??Ministered? here expresses the act of celebrating divine service on the part of the whole church. To refer aujtw~n to the ?prophets and teachers? is forbidden by the ajfori>sate are ? and by verse 3. This interpretation would confine this most important mission act to five persons, of whom two were the missionaries sent, and the church would have had no part in it, even through its presbyters. This agrees neither with the common possession of the Spirit in the apostolic church nor with the concrete cases of the choice of an apostle (ch. 1) and of deacons (ch. 6). Compare 14:27, where the returned missionaries report
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