made by inspiration, and no essential truth is sacrificed by allowing the whole to go under the name of the chief author.

<411609> Mark 16:9-20 appears to have been added by a later hand (see English Revised Version). The Eng. Revised Version also brackets or segregates a part of verse 3 and the whole of verse 4 in John 5 (the moving of the water by the angel), and the whole passage <430753>John 7:53-8:11 (the woman taken in adultery). Westcott and Hort regard the latter passage as an interpolation, probably ?Western? in its origin (so also <411609>Mark 16:920). Others regard it as authentic, though not written by John. Joshua apparently added the closing chapter of Deuteronomy after Moses? death ? perhaps. If criticism should prove other portions of the Pentateuch to have been composed after Moses? time, the inspiration of the Pentateuch would not be invalidated, so long as Moses was its chief author or even the original source and founder of its legislation ( <430546>John 5:46 ? ?he wrote of me?). Gore, in Lux Mundi, 355 ? ?Deuteronomy may be a republication of the law, in the spirit and power of Moses, and put dramatically into his mouth.?

At a spot near the Pool of Siloam, Manasseh is said to have ordered that Isaiah should be sawn asunder with a wooden saw. The prophet is again sawn asunder by the recent criticism. But his prophecy opens ( <230101>Isaiah 1:1) with the statement that it was composed during a period which covered the reigns of four kings ? Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah ? nearly forty years. In so long a time the style of a writer greatly changes. Chapters 40-66 may have been written in Isaiah?s later age, after he had retired from public life. Compare the change in the style of Zechariah, John and Paul, with that in Thomas Carlyle and George William Curtis. On Isaiah, see Smyth, Prophecy a Preparation for Christ; Bibliotheca Sacra, Apr. 1881:230-253; also July, 1881; Stanley, Jewish Ch., 2:646, 647; Nagelsbach, Int. to Lange?s Isaiah.

For the view that there were two Isaiahs, see George Adam Smith, Com. on Isaiah, 2:1 ? 25: Isaiah flourished BC 740-700. The last 27 chapters deal with the captivity (598-538) and with Cyrus (550), whom they name. The book is not one continuous prophecy, but a number of separate orations. Some of these claim to be Isaiah?s own, and have titles, such as ?The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz? (1:1); ?The word that Isaiah the son of Amos saw? (2:1). But such titles describe only the individual prophecies they head. Other portions of the book, on other subjects and in different styles, have no titles at all Chapters 40-66 do not claim to be his. There are nine citations in the New Testament from the disputed chapters, but none by our Lord. None at these citations were given in answer to the

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