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of servitude. In the very act of transgressing the law of God, there is a reflex action of the human will upon itself, whereby it becomes less able than before to keep that law. Sin is the suicidal action of the human will. To do wrong destroys the power to do right. Total depravity carries with it total impotence. The voluntary faculty may be ruined from within. It may be made impotent to holiness, by its own action. It may surrender itself to appetite and selfishness with such an intensity and earnestness, that it becomes unable to convert itself and overcome its wrong inclination.? See Stevenson, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde ? noticed in Andover Rev., June, 1886:664. We can merge ourselves in the life of another ? either bad or good and we can almost transform ourselves into Satan or into Christ. We say with Paul, in <480220>Galatians 2:20 ? ?it is no longer I that live, but Christ liveth in me? or we can be minions of ?the spirit that now worketh in the sons of disobedience? ( <490202>Ephesians 2:2). But if we yield ourselves to the influence of Satan, the recovery of our true personality becomes increasingly difficult and at last impossible.

There is nothing in literature sadder or more significant than the self- bewailing of Charles Limb, the gentle Elia, who writes in his Last Essays, 214 ? ?Could the youth to whom the flavor of the first wine is as delicious as the opening scenes of life or the entering of some newly discovered paradise look into my desolation and be made to understand what a dreary thing it is when he shall feel himself going down a precipice with open eyes and a passive will to see his destruction, and have no power to stop it. When, to see all goodness emptied out of him, and yet not be able to forget a time when it was otherwise or to bear about the piteous spectacle of his own ruin. Could he see my fevered eye, fevered with the last night?s drinking and feverishly looking for tonight?s repetition of the folly. Could he but feel the body of this death out of which I cry hourly, with feebler outcry, to be delivered, it were enough to make him dash the sparking beverage to the earth, in all the pride of its mantling temptation.?

For the Armenian ?gracious ability,? see Raymond, Syst. Theol, 2:130; McClintock & Strong. Cyclopedia, 10:990. Per contra, see Calvin, Institutes, bk. 2, chap. 2 (1:282): Edwards, Works, 2:464 (Orig. Sin, 3:1); Bennet Tyler, Works, 73; Baird, Elohim Revealed, 523-528; Cunningham, Hist. Theology, 1:567-639; Turretin. 10:4:19; A. A. Hodge, Outlines of Theology, 260-269; Thornwell, Theology, 1:394-399; Alexander, Moral Science, 89-208; Princeton Essays, 1:224-239; Richards, Lectures on Theology. On real as distinguished from formal freedom, see Julius Muller, Poet. Sin, 2:1-225. On Augustine?s lineamenta extrema (of the divine image in man), see Wiggers,

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