in which the word has any other meaning. There is no instance in which it signifies to make a partial application of water by affusion or sprinkling, or to cleanse, to purify, apart from the literal act of immersion as the means of cleansing or purifying.? See Stuart In Bib. Repos., 1883:313; Broadus on Immersion. 57, note.
Dale, In his Classic, Judaic, Christic, and Patristic Baptism, maintains that bapti>zw alone means ?to dip,? and that ba>ptw never means ?to dip,? but only ?to put within,? giving no intimation that the object is to be taken out again. But see Review of Dale, by A. C. Kendrick, in Bap. Quarterly, 1869:129, and by Harvey, in Bap. Review, 1879:141-163. ?Plutarch used the word bapti>zw , when he describes the soldiers of Alexander on a riotous march as by the roadside dipping (lit.: baptizing) with cups from huge wine jars and mixing bowls and drinking to one another. Here we have bapti>zw used where Dr. Dale?s theory would call for ba>ptw . The truth is that bapti>zw , the stronger word, came to be used in the same sense with the weaker and the attempt to prove a broad and invariable difference of meaning between them breaks down. Of Dr. Dale?s three meanings of bapti>zw :
(1) intusposition without influence (stone in water),
(2) intusposition with influence (man drowned in water),
(3) influence without intusposition. The last is a figment of Dr. Dale?s imagination. It would allow me to say that when I burned a piece of paper, I baptized it. The grand result is this: Beginning with the position that to baptize means to immerse, Dr. Dale ends by maintaining that immersion is not baptism. Because Christ speaks of drinking a cup, Dr. Dale infers that this is baptism.? For a complete reply to Dale, see Ford, Studies on Baptism.
Secondly, every passage where the word occurs in the New Testament either requires or allows the meaning ?immerse.?
<400306> Matthew 3:6,11 ? ?I indeed baptize you in water unto repentance...he shall baptize you in the holy Spirit and in fire?; cf. 2Kings 5:14 ? ?Then went he [Naaman] down, and dipped himself [ ejbapi>zeto ] seven times in the Jordan?; <410105>Mark 1:5, 9 ? ?they were baptized of him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins...Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John into the Jordan?; 7:4 ? ?and when they come from the market place, except they bathe [lit.: ?baptize?] themselves, they eat not: and many other things there are, which they have received to hold, washings [lit.: ?baptizings?] of cups, and pots, and brasen vessels? ? in this verse, Westcott and Hort, with a and B, read rJanti>swwntai ,
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