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Different sensations make no knowledge , without a self to bring them together. Upton, Hibbert, Lectures, lecture 2 ? ?You could as easily prove the existence of an external world to a man who had no senses to perceive it, as you could prove the existence of God to one who had no consciousness of God.?

B. Positively. ? A first truth is a knowledge which, though developed upon occasion of observation and reflection, is not derived from observation and reflection, ? a knowledge on the contrary which has such logical priority that it must be assumed or supposed, in order to make any observation or reflection possible. Such truths are not, therefore, recognized first in order of time; some of them are assented to somewhat late in the mind?s growth; by the great majority of men they are never consciously formulated at all. Yet they constitute the necessary assumptions upon which all other knowledge rests, and the mind has not only the inborn capacity to evolve them so soon as the proper occasions are presented, but the recognition of them is inevitable so soon as the mind begins to give account to itself of its own knowledge.

Mansel, Metaphysics, 52, 279 ? ?To describe experience as the cause of the idea of space would be as inaccurate as to speak of the soil in which it was planted as the cause of the oak ? though the planting in the soil is the condition which brings into manifestation the latent power of the acorn.? Coleridge: ?We see before we know that we have eyes; but when once this is known, we perceive that eyes must have preexisted in order to enable us to see.? Coleridge speaks of first truths as ?those necessities of mind or forms of thinking, which, though revealed to us by experience, must yet have preexisted in order to make experience possible.? McCosh, Intuitions, 48, 49 ? Intuitions are ?like flower and fruit, which are in the plant from its embryo, but may not be actually formed till there have been a stalk and branches and leaves.? Porter, Human Intellect, 501, 519 ? ?Such truths cannot be acquired or assented to first of all.? Some are reached last of all. The moral intuition is often developed late, and sometimes, even then, only upon occasion of corporal punishment. ?Every man is as lazy as circumstances will admit.? Our physical laziness in occasional; our mental laziness frequent; our moral laziness incessant. We are too lazy to think, and especially to think of religion. On account of this depravity of human nature we should expect the intuition of God to be developed last of all. Men shrink from contact with God and from the thought of God. In fact, their dislike for the intuition of God leads them not seldom to deny all their other intuitions, even those of freedom and of right. Hence the modern ?psychology without a soul.?

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