Scripture speaks is a knowing, not of the intellect alone, but of the whole man, including the affectional and voluntary nature.
Goethe: ?How can a man come to know himself? Never by thinking, but by doing. Try to do your duty, and you will know at once what you are worth. You cannot play the flute by blowing alone, ? you must use your fingers.? So we can never come to know God by thinking alone. <430717>John 7:17 ? ?If any man willeth to do his will, he shall know of the teaching, whether it is of God? The Gnostics, Stapfer, Henry VIII. all show that there may be much theological knowledge without true religion. Chillingworth?s maxim, ?The Bible only, the religion of Protestants,? is inadequate and inaccurate; for the Bible, without faith, love, and obedience, may become a fetich and a snare: <430505>John 5:59,48 ? ?Ye search the Scriptures,...and ye will not come to me, that ye may have life? See Sterrett, Studies in Hegel?s Philosophy of Religion; Porter, Human Intellect, 59, 60, 412, 525-526, 589, 650; Moreli, Hist. Philos., 476, 477; Hamerton, Intel. Life, 214; Bibliotheca Sacra, 9:374.
(b) Religion is not, as Schleiermacher held, the mere feeling of dependence; for such feeling of dependence is not religious, unless exercised toward God and accompanied by moral effort.
In German theology, Schleiermacher constitutes the transition from the old rationalism to the evangelical faith. ?Like Lazarus, with the grave clothes of a pantheistic philosophy entangling his steps,? yet with a Moravian experience of the life of God in the soul, he based religion upon the inner certainties of Christian feeling But, as Principal Fairbairn remarks, ?Emotion is impotent unless it speaks out of conviction; and where conviction is, there will he emotion which is potent to persuade.? If Christianity is religious feeling alone, then there is no essential difference between it and other religions, for all alike are products of the religious sentiment. But Christianity is distinguished from other religions by its peculiar religious conceptions. Doctrine precedes life, and Christian doctrine, not mere religious feeling, is the cause of Christianity as a distinctive religion. Though faith begins in feeling, moreover, it does not end there. We see the worthlessness of mere feeling in the transient emotions of theatre ? goers, and in the occasional phenomena of revivals.
Sabatier, Philos. Relig., 27, adds to Schleiermacher?s passive element of dependence, the active element of Prayer ? . Kaftan, Dogmatik, 10 ? Schleiermacher regards God as the Source of our being, but forgets that he is also our End.? Fellowship and progress are as important elements in religion as is dependence; and fellowship must come before progress ?
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