holds to a free as well as to an essential omnipresence ? qualified and supplemented, however, by God?s transcendence. The boasted truth in pantheism is an elementary principle of Christianity, and is only the stepping stone to a nobler truth ? God?s personal presence with his church. The Talmud contrasts the worship of an idol and the worship of Jehovah: ?The idol seems so near, but is so far, Jehovah seems so far, but is so near!? God?s omnipresence assures us that he is present with us to hear, and present in every heart and in the ends of the earth to answer, prayer. See Rogers, Superhuman Origin of the Bible, 10; Bowne, Metaphysics, 136; Charnock, Attributes, 1:363-405.
The Puritan turned from the moss-rose bud, saying: ?I have learned to call nothing on earth lovely.? But this is to despise not only the workmanship but also the presence of the Almighty. The least thing in nature is worthy of study because it is the revelation of a present God. The uniformity of nature and the reign of law are nothing but the steady will of the omnipresent God. Gravitation is God?s omnipresence in space, as evolution is God?s omnipresence in time. Dorner, System of Doctrine, 1:73 ? ?God being omnipresent, contact with him may be sought at any moment in prayer and contemplation; indeed, it will always be true that we live and move and have our being in him, as the perennial and omnipresent source of our existence.? <451006>Romans 10:6-8 ? ?Say not in thy heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down) or, Who shall descend into the abyss? (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead) But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart.? Lotze, Metaphysics. 256, quoted in Illingworth, Divine Immanence, 135, 136. Sunday school scholar: ?Is God in my pocket?? ?Certainly.? ?No, he isn?t, for I haven?t any pocket.? God is omnipresent so long as there is a universe, but he ceases to be omnipresent when the universe ceases to be.
By this we mean God?s perfect and eternal knowledge of all things which are objects of knowledge, whether they be actual or possible, past, present, or future.
God knows his inanimate creation: <19E704>Psalm 147:4 ? ?counteth the number of the stars; He calleth them all by their names.? He has knowledge of brute creatures: <401029>Matthew 10:29 ? sparrows ? ?not one of them shall fall on the ground without your Father.? Of men and their works: <193313>Psalm 33:13-15 ? ?beholdeth all the sons of men? considereth all their works.? Of hearts of men and their thoughts: <441508>Acts
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