Scripture seems to teach the doctrine that man?s nature is the creation of God. <010207>Genesis 2:7 ? ?Jehovah God formed man of the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul? ? appears, says Hovey (State of the Impen. Dead, 14), ?to distinguish the vital informing principle of human nature from its material part, pronouncing the former to be more directly from God, and more akin to hint, than the latter.? So in <381201>Zechariah 12:1 ? ?Jehovah who stretcheth forth the heavens and layeth the foundation of the earth and formeth the spirit of man within him? ? the soul is recognized as distinct in nature from the body, and of a dignity and mind far beyond those of any material organism. <183208>Job 32:8 ? ?there is a spirit in man, and the breath of the Almighty giveth them understanding?; <211207>Ecclesiastes 12:7 ? ?the dust returneth to the earth as it was and the spirit returneth unto God who gave it.? A sober view of the similarities and differences between man and the lower animals may be found in Lloyd Morgan, Animal Life and Intelligence. See also Martineau, Types, 2:65, 140, and Study, 1:180; 2:9, 13, 184, 350; Hopkins, Outline Study of Man, 8:23; Chadbourne, Instinct, 187-211; Porter-Hum. Intellect, 384, 386, 397; Bascom, Science of Mind, 295-305; Mansel, Metaphysics, 49, 50; Princeton Rev., Jan. 1881:104-128; Henslow, in Nature, May 1, 1879:21, 22; Ferrier Remains, 2:39; Argyll, Unity of Nature, 117-119: Bibliotheca Sacra, 29:275-282; Max Muller. Lectures on Philos. of Language, no. 1, 2, 3; F. W. Robertson, Lectures on Genesis, 21, Le Conte, in Princeton Rev., May, 1884:236-261; Lindsay, Mind in Lower Animals; Romanes, Mental Evolution in Animals; Fiske, The Destiny of Man.

(d) Comparative physiology, moreover, has, up to the present time, done nothing to forbid the extension of this doctrine to man?s body. No single instance has yet been adduced of the transformation of one animal species into another, either by natural or artificial selection; much less has it been demonstrated that the body of the brute has ever been developed into that of man. All evolution implies progress and reinforcement of life and is unintelligible except as the immanent God gives new impulses to the process. Apart from the direct agency of God, the view that man?s physical system is descended by natural generation from some ancestral simian form can be regarded only as an irrational hypothesis. Since the soul, then, is an immediate creation of God and the forming of man?s body is mentioned by the Scripture writer in direct connection with this creation of the spirit, man?s body was in this sense an immediate creation also.

For the theory of natural selection, see Darwin, Origin of Species. 398- 424, and Descent of Man, 2:368-387; Huxley, Critiques and Addresses,

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