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true bread?; <580802>Hebrews 8:2 ? ?the true tabernacle?). <431406>John 14:6 ? ?I am? the truth.? As ?I am? the life? signifies, not ?I am the living one, but rather ?I am he who is life and the source of life,? so ?I am? the truth? signifies, not ?I am the truthful one,? but ?I am he who is truth and the source of truth? ? in other words, truth of being, not merely truth of expression. So <620507>1 John 5:7 ? the Spirit is the truth.? Cf. 1 Esdras 1:33 ? ?The truth abideth and is forever strong, and it liveth and ruleth forever? = personal truth? See Godet on <430113>John 1:13; Shedd, Dogmatic Theology, 1:181.

Truth is God perfectly revealed and known. It may be likened to the electric current, which manifests and measures the power of the dynamo. There is no realm of truth apart from the world ground, just as there is no law of nature that is independent of the Author of nature. While we know ourselves only partially, God knows himself fully. John Caird, Fund. Ideas of Christianity, 1:192 ? ?In the life of God there are no unrealized possibilities. The presupposition of all our knowledge and activity is that absolute and eternal unity of knowing and being which is only another expression for the nature of God. In one sense, he is all reality, and the only reality, whilst all finite existence is but a becoming, which never is.? Lowrie, Doctrine of St. John, 57-63 ? ?Truth is reality revealed. Jesus is the Truth, because in him the sum of the qualities hidden in God is presented and revealed to the world, God?s nature in terms of an active force and in relation to his rational creation.? This definition however ignores the fact that God is truth, apart from and before all creation. As an immanent attribute, truth implies a conformity of God?s knowledge to God?s being, which antedates the universe; see B. (b) below.

(b) Truth in God is not a merely active attribute of the divine nature. God is truth, not only in the sense that he is the being who truly knows, but also in the sense that he is the truth that is known. The passive precedes the active; truth of being precedes truth of knowing.

Plato: ?Truth is his (God?s) body, and light his shadow.? Hollaz (quoted in Thomasius, Christi Person und Werk, 1:137) says that ?truth is the conformity of the divine essence with the divine intellect.? See Gerhard, loc. ii:152: Kahnis, Dogmatik, 2:272, 279; 3:193 ? ?Distinguish in God the personal self-consciousness [spirituality, personality ? see pages 252,

253] from the unfolding of this in the divine knowledge, which can have no other object but God himself. So far, now, as self-knowing in God is absolutely identical with his being is he the absolutely true. For truth is the knowledge which answers to the being and the being which answers to the knowledge.?

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