(4) by the New Testament usage of expressing the vocative by the nominative with an article;

(5) by the psychological absurdity of such a supposition: that one just convinced of the presence of him Whom he dearly loved should, instead of addressing him, break out into an irrelevant cry;

(6) by the further absurdity of supposing that, if such were the ease, the Apostle John, who of all the sacred writers most constantly keeps in mind the object for which he is writing, should have recorded anything so beside that object;

(7) by the intimate conjunction of pepi>steukav .? Cf. <400534>Matthew 5:34 ? ?Swear not? by the heaven? ? swearing by Jehovah is not mentioned, because no Jew did so swear. This exclamation of Thomas, the greatest doubter among the twelve, is the natural conclusion of John?s gospel. The thesis ?the Word was God? ( <430101>John 1:1) has now become part of the life and consciousness of the apostles. Chapter 21 is only an Epilogue, or Appendix, written later by John, to correct the error that he ?was not to die; see Westcott, Bible Com, in loco . The Deity of Christ is the subject of the apostle who best understood his Master Lyman Beecher: ?Jesus Christ is the acting Deity of the universe.?

In <450905>Romans 9:5, the clause oJ w}n eJpi< pa>ntwn Qeo<v eujloghto>v cannot be translated ?blessed be the God over all,? for w]n is superfluous if the clause is a doxology; ? eujloghto>v ? precedes the name of God in a doxology, but follows it, as here, in a description? (Hovey). The clause can therefore justly be interpreted only as a description of the higher nature of the Christ who had just been said, to< kata< sa>rka , or according to his lower nature, to have had his origin from Israel (see Tholuck, Com. in loco ).

Sanday, Com, on <450905>Romans 9:5 ? ?The words would naturally refer to Christ unless ?God? is so definitely a proper name that it would imply a contrast in itself. We have seen that this is not so.? Hence Sanday translates: ?of whom is the Christ as concerning the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever.? See President T. Dwight, in Jour. Soc. Bib. Exegesis, 1881:22-55; per contra , Ezra Abbot, in the same journal, 1881:1-19, and Denney, in Expositor?s G k. Test., in loco.

In <560213>Titus 2:13 ejpifa>neian th~v do>xhv tou~ mega>lou Qeou~ kai< swth~rov hJmw~n Ihsou~ Noistou~ we regard (with Ellicott) as ?a direct, definite and even studied declaration of Christ?s divinity? = ??the?

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