a man is justified, and not only by faith.? James is denouncing a dead faith, while Paul is speaking of the necessity of a living faith or, rather, James is describing the nature of faith, while Paul is describing the instrument of justification. ?They are like two men beset by a couple of robbers. Back to back each strikes out against the robber opposite him, each having a different enemy in his eye? (Wm. M. Taylor). Neander on
<590214> James 2:14-26 ? ?James is denouncing mere adhesion to an external law, trust in intellectual possession of it. With him, law means an inward principle of life. Paul, contrasting law as he does with faith, commonly means by law a mere external divine requisition. James does not deny salvation to him who has faith but only to him who falsely professes to have. When he says that ?by works a man is justified,? he takes into account the outward manifestation only, speaks from the point of view of human consciousness. In works only does faith show itself as genuine and complete.? <662211>Revelation 22:11 ? ?he that is righteous, let him do righteousness still? ? not, as the A. V. seemed to imply, ?he that is just, let him be justified still? ? i. e., made subjectively holy.
Christ is the great Physician. The physician says: ?If you wish to be cured, you must trust me.? The patient replies: ?I do trust you fully.? But the physician continues: ?If you wish to be cured, you must take my medicines and do as I direct.? The patient objects: ?But I thought I was to be cured by trust in you. Why lay such stress on what 1 do?? The physician answers: ?You must show your trust in me by your action. Trust in me, without action in proof of trust, amounts to nothing? (S. S. Times). Doing without a physician is death hence, Paul says works cannot save. Trust in the physician implies obedience hence, James says faith without works is dead. Crane, Religion of Tomorrow, 152-155 ? ?Paul insists on apple tree righteousness, and warns us against Christmas tree righteousness.? Sagebeer, The Bible in Court, 77, 78 ? ?By works, Paul means works of law; James means by works, works of faith.? Hovey, in The Watchman, Aug. 27, 1891 ? ?A difference of emphasis, occasioned chiefly by the different religious perils to which readers were at the time exposed.?
(b) dikai>wsiv ? is the act, in process, of declaring a man just, that is, acquitted from guilt and restored to the divine favor ( <450425>Romans 4:25; 5:18).
<450425> Romans 4:25 ? ?who was delivered up for our trespasses, and was raised for our justification ? unto all men to justification of life.? Griffith-Jones, Ascent through Christ, 367, 368 ? ?Raised for our justification? ? Christ?s death made our justification possible but it did
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