could not fulfill his peculiar office as Revealer of Christ until the atoning work of Christ should be accomplished.
<430739> John 7:39 is to be interpreted in the light of other Scriptures which assert the agency of the Holy Spirit under the old dispensation ( <195111>Psalm 51:11 ? ?take not thy holy Spirit from me?) and which describe his peculiar office under the new dispensation ( <431614>John 16:14, 15 ? ?he shall take of mine, and shall declare it unto you?). Limitation in the manner of the Spirit?s work in the Old Testament involved a limitation in the extent and power of it also. Pentecost was the flowing forth of a tide of spiritual influence, which had hitherto been dammed up. Henceforth the Holy Spirit was the Spirit of Jesus Christ, taking of the things of Christ and showing them, applying his finished work to human hearts, and rendering the hitherto localized Savior omnipresent with his scattered followers to the end of time.
Under the conditions of his humiliation, Christ was a servant. All authority in heaven and earth was given him only after his resurrection. Hence he could not send the Holy Spirit until he ascended. The mother can show off her son only when he is fully-grown. The Holy Spirit could reveal Christ only when there was a complete Christ to reveal. The Holy Spirit could fully sanctify, only after the example and motive of holiness were furnished in Christ?s life and death. Archer Butler: ?The divine Artist could not fitly descend to make the copy, before the original had been provided.?
And yet the Holy Spirit is ?the eternal Spirit? ( <580914>Hebrews 9:14), and he not only existed, but also wrought, in Old Testament times. <610121>2 Peter 1:21 ? ?men spake from God, being moved by the Holy Spirit? ? seems to fix the meaning of time phrase ?the Holy Spirit,? where it appears in the Old Testament Before Christ ?the Holy Spirit was not yet? ( <430729>John 7:29), just as before Edison electricity was not yet. There was just as much electricity in the world before Edison as there is now. Edison has only taught us its existence and how to use it. Still we can say that, before Edison, electricity, as a means of lighting, warming and transporting people had no existence. So until Pentecost, the Holy Spirit, as the revealer of Christ, ?was not yet.? Augustine calls Pentecost the dies natalis , or birthday, of the Holy Spirit; and for the same reason that we call the day when Mary brought forth her first born son the birthday of Jesus Christ, though before Abraham was born, Christ was. The Holy Spirit had been engaged in the creation, and had inspired the prophets, but officially, as Mediator between men and Christ, ?the Holy Spirit was not yet.? He could not show the things of Christ until the things of Christ
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