and Wilkinson; and An. Par. Bible); in his legal redemption ( <420223>Luke 2:23, 24; cf. <021302>Exodus 13:2, 13); and in his baptism ( <400315>Matthew 3:15 ? ?thus it becometh us to fulfill all righteousness?). The baptized person went down into the water, as one laden with sin and guilt, in order that this sin and guilt? might be buried forever, and that he might rise from the typical grave to a new and holy life. (Ebrard: ?Baptism = death.?) So Christ?s submission to John?s baptism of repentance was not only a consecration to death, but also a recognition and confession of his implication in that guilt of the race for which death was the appointed and inevitable penalty (cf. <401033>Matthew 10:33; <421250>Luke 12:50; <402003>Matthew 20:39). As his baptism was a pre-figuration of his death, we may learn from his baptism something with regard to the meaning of his death. See further, under The Symbolism of Baptism.
As one who had had guilt, Christ was ?justified in the spirit? ( <540316>1 Timothy 3:16) and this justification appears to have taken place after he ?was manifested in the flesh? ( <540316>1 Timothy 3:16) and when ?he was raised for our justification? ( <450425>Romans 4:25). Compare <450104>Romans 1:4 ? ?declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness by the resurrection from the dead?; 6:7-10 ? ?he that hath died is justified from sin. But if we died with Christ we believe that we shall also live with him knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more. Death no more hath dominion over him. For the death that he died, he died unto sin once but the life that he liveth, he liveth unto God.? All Christians are conceived of as ideally justified in the justification of Christ, when Christ died for our sins and rose again. 8:3 ? ?God, sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh.? Meyer says: ?The sending does not precede the condemnation; but the condemnation is effected in and with the sending.? <431610>John 16:10 ? ?of righteousness, because I go to the Father?; 19:30 ? ?It is finished.? On <540316>1 Timothy 3:16, see the Commentary of Bengel.
If it be asked whether Jesus, then, before his death, was an unjustified person, we answer that, while personally pure and well-pleasing to God ( <400317>Matthew 3:17), he himself was conscious of a race-responsibility and a race-guilt which must be atoned for ( <431227>John 12:27 ? ?Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour. But for this cause came I unto this hour?); and that guilty human nature in him endured at the last the separation from God which constitutes the essence of death, sin?s penalty ( <402746>Matthew 27:46 ? ?My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me??). We must remember that, as even the believer must ?be judged according to men in the flesh? ( <600406>1 Peter 4:6), that is, must suffer the death, which to unbelievers, is the penalty of sin, although
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