to clothe himself in garments of his own righteousness before he will take the robe of Christ?s. But Adam felt himself naked when God visited him even though he had his fig-leaves on him.?
We are justified efficiently by the grace of God, meritoriously by Christ, instrumentally by faith and evidentially by works. Faith justifies, as roots bring plant and soil together. Faith connects man with the source of life In Christ. ?When the boatman with his hook grapples the rock, he does not pull the shore to the boat but the boat to the shore so, when we by faith lay hold on Christ we do not pull Christ to us, but ourselves to him.? Faith is a coupling; the train is drawn, not by the coupling, but by the Locomotive and yet without the coupling it would not be drawn. Faith is the trolley that reaches up to the electric wire; when the connection is sundered, not only does the car cease to move but the heat dies and the lights go out. Dr. John Duncan: ?I have married the Merchant and all his wealth is mine!?
H. C. Trumbull: ?If a man wants to cross the ocean, he can either try swimming, or he can trust the captain of a ship to carry him over in his vessel. By or through his faith in that captain, the man is carried safely to the other shore yet it is the ship?s captain, not the passenger?s faith, which is to be praised for the carrying.? So the sick man trusts his case in the hands of his physician, and his life is saved by the physician; yet by or through the patient?s faith, this faith is indeed an inward act of allegiance and no mere outward performance. Whiton, Divine Satisfaction, 92 ? ?The Protestant Reformers saw that it was by an inward act, not by penance or sacraments that men were justified. But they halted in the crude notion of a legal court room process, a governmental procedure external to us whereas it is an educational, inward process, the awakening through Christ of the filial spirit in us, which in the midst of imperfections strives for likeness more and more to the Son of God. Justification by principle apart from performance makes Christianity the religion of the spirit.? We would add that such justification excludes education and is an act rather than a process, an act external to the sinner rather than internal, an act of God rather than an act of man. The justified person can say to Christ, as Ruth said to Boaz: ?Why have I found favor in thy sight, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a foreigner?? ( <080210>Ruth 2:10).
B. Since the ground of justification is only Christ, to whom we are united by faith, the justified person has peace. If it were anything in us, our peace must be proportioned to our holiness. The practical effect of the Romanist mingling of works with faith, as a joint ground of justification, is to render
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