view we are combating were correct, John the Baptist and Abraham preexisted, equally with Christ. This is certainly not the meaning of Jesus in <430858>John 8:58 ? ?Before Abraham was born, I am? cf . <510117>Colossians 1:17 ? ?he is before all things? ? aujto>v emphasizes the personality, while e]stin declares that the preexistence is absolute existence? (Lightfoot); <430115>John 1:15 ? ?He that cometh after me is become before me: for he was before me? = not that Jesus was born earlier than John the Baptist, for he was born six months later, but that he existed earlier. He stands before John in rank, because he existed long before John in time; 6:62 ? ?the Son of man ascending where he was before?; 16:28 ? ?I came out from the Father, and am come into the world.? So <230906>Isaiah 9:6, 7, calls Christ ?Everlasting Father? = eternity is an attribute of the Messiah. T. W. Chambers, in Jour. Soc. Bib. Exegesis, 1881:169-171 ? ?Christ is the Everlasting One, ?whose goings forth have been from of old, even from the days of eternity? ( <330502>Micah 5:2). Of the increase of his government? there shall be no end,? just because of his existence them-c has been no beginning.?

(d) The works of God are ascribed to him.

We do not here speak of miracles, which may be wrought by communicated power, but of such works as the creation of the world, the upholding of all things, the final raising of the dead, and the judging of all men. Power to perform these works cannot be delegated, for they are characteristic of omnipotence.

Creation: <430103>John 1:3 ? ?All things were made through him?; <460806>1 Corinthians 8:6 ? ?one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things?; <510106> Colossians 1:6 ? ?all things have been created through him, and unto him?; <580110>Hebrews 1:10 ? ?Thou, Lord, in the beginning didst lay the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the works of thy hands?; 3:3, 4 ? ?he that built all things is God? Christ, the builder of the house of Israel, is the God who made all things; Revelations 3:14 ? ?the beginning of the creation of God? (cf. Plato: ?Mind is the ajrch> of motion ?). Upholding: <510117>Colossians 1:17 ? ?in him all things consist? (margin ?hold together?); <580103>Hebrews 1:3 ? ?upholding all things by the word of his power.? Raising the dead and judging the world: <430527>John 5:27-29 ? ?authority to execute judgment? all that are in the tombs shall hear his voice, and shall come forth?; <402531>Matthew 25:31, 32 ? ?sit on the throne of his glory; and before him shall he gathered all the nations.? If our argument were addressed wholly to believers, we might also urge Christ?s work in the world as Revealer of God and Redeemer from sin, as a proof

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