mysticism ? God is ?in you all? but it adds the element of transcendence which both these fail to recognize ? God is ?above all? ( <490406>Ephesians 4:6). See Fisher, Essays on Supernat. Orig. of Christianity, 539. G.D.B. Pepper: ?He who is over all and in all is yet distinct from all, if one is over a thing, he is not that very thing which he is over. If one is in something, he must be distinct from that something. And so the universe, over which and in which God is, must be thought of as something distinct from God. The creation cannot be identical with God, or a mere form of God.? We add, however, that it may be a manifestation of God ?and dependent upon God, as our thoughts and acts are manifestations of our mind and will and dependent upon our mind and will, yet are not themselves our mind and will.
Pope wrote: ?All are but parts of one stupendous whole, Whose body nature is and God the soul.? But Case, Physical Realism, 193, replies: ?Not so. Nature is to God as works are to a man; and as man?s works are not his body, so neither is nature the body of God.? Matthew Arnold, On Heine?s Grave: ?What are we all but a mood, A single mood of the life Of the Being in whom we exist, Who alone is all things in one?? Hovey, Studies, 51 ? ?Scripture recognizes the element of truth in pantheism, but it also teaches the existence of a world of things, animate and inanimate, in distinction from God. It represents men as prone to worship the creature more than the Creator. It describes them as sinners worthy of death... moral agents...It no more thinks of men as being literally parts of God, than it thinks of children as being parts of their parents, or subjects as being parts of their king.? A.J.F. Behrends: ?The true doctrine lies between the two extremes of a crass dualism which makes God and the world two self-contained entities, and a substantial monism in which the universe has only a phenomenal existence. There is neither identity of substance nor division of the divine substance. The universe is eternally dependent, the product of the divine Word, not simply manufactured. Creation is primarily a spiritual act.? Prof. George M. Forbes: ?Matter exists in subordinate dependence upon God; spirit in coordinate dependence upon God. The body of Christ was Christ externalized, made manifest to sense perception. In apprehending matter, I am apprehending the mind and will of God. This is the highest sort of reality. Neither matter nor finite spirits, then, are mere phenomena.??
3. It assigns no sufficient cause for that fact of the universe, which is highest in rank, and therefore most needs explanation, namely, the existence of personal intelligences. A substance which is itself unconscious,
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