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forth thy Spirit, they are created And thou renewest the face of the ground.? See Perowne on Psalm 104 ? ?A psalm to the God who is in and with nature for good.? Humboldt, Cosmos, 2:413 ? ?Psalm 104 presents an image of the whole Cosmos.? <441728>Acts 17:28 ? in him we live and move and have our being?; <510117>Colossians 1:17 ? ?in him all things consist? <580102>Hebrews 1:2, 3 ? ?upholding all things by the word of his power.? <430517>John 5:17 ? ?My Father worketh even until now and I work? ? refers most naturally to preservation since creation is a work completed; compare <010202>Genesis 2:2 ? ?on the seventh day God finished his work which he had made and he rested on the seven day from all his work which he had made,? God is the upholder of physical life see <196608> Psalm 66:8, 9 ? ?O, bless our God? who holdeth our soul in life.? God is also the upholder of spiritual life; see <540613>1 Timothy 6:13 ? ?I charge thee in the sight of God who preserveth all things alive? zwogonou~ntov ta< pa>nta = the great Preserver enables us to persist in our Christian course. <400404>Matthew 4:4 ? ?Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God? ? though originally referring to physical nourishment is equally true of spiritual sustentation. In <19A426>Psalm 104:26 ? ?There go the ships.? Dawson (Mod. Ideas of Evolution) thinks the reference is not to man?s works but to God?s, as the parallelism: ?there is leviathan? would indicate, and that by ?ships? are meant ?floaters? like the nautilus, which is a ?little ship.? The 104th Psalm is a long hymn to the preserving power of God who keeps alive all the creatures of the deep, both small and great.

2. From Reason.

We may argue the preserving agency of God from the following considerations:

(a) Matter and mind are not self-existent. Since they have not the cause of their being in themselves, their continuance as well as their origin must be due to a superior power.

Dorner, Glaubenslehre: ?Were the world self-existent, it would be God, not world, and no religion would be possible? the world has receptivity for new creations but these, once introduced, are subject, like the rest, to the law of preservation? ? i.e., are dependent for their continued existence upon God.

(b) Force implies a will of which it is the direct or indirect expression. We know of force only through the exercise of our own wills. Since will is the only cause of which we have direct knowledge, second causes in nature

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