the personality of the First Cause is not recognized, is as unmeaning as it would be to speak of the love of a triangle or the rationality of the equator.? It was said of Comte?s system that, ?that the wine of the real presence being poured out, we are asked to adore the empty cup.? ?We want an object of devotion, and Comte presents us with a looking glass? (Martineau). Huxley said he would as soon adore a wilderness of apes as the Positivist rationalized conception of humanity. It is only the ideal in humanity, the divine element in humanity that can be worshiped. And when we once conceive of this, we cannot be satisfied until we find it somewhere realized, as in Jesus Christ.

Upton, Hibbert Lectures, 265-272 ? Huxley believes that Evolution is ?a materialized logical process?; that nothing endures save the flow of energy and ?the rational order which pervades it.? In the earlier part of this process, nature, there is no morality or benevolence. But the process ends by producing man, who can make progress only by waging moral war against the natural forces, which impel him. He must be benevolent and just. Shall we not say, in spite of Mr. Huxley, that this shows what the nature of the system is, and that there must be a benevolent and just Being who ordained it? Martineau, Seat of Authority, 63-68 ? ?Though the authority of the higher incentive is self-known, it cannot be self-created: for while it is in me, it is above me...his authority to which conscience introduces me, though emerging in consciousness, is yet objective to us all, and is necessarily referred to the nature of things, irrespective of the accidents of our mental constitution. It is not dependent on us, but independent. All minds born into the universe are ushered into the presence of a real righteousness, as surely as into a scene of actual space. Perception reveals another than ourselves; conscience reveals a higher than ourselves.?

We must freely grant, however, that this argument from man?s aspirations has weight only upon the supposition that a wise, truthful, holy, and benevolent God exists, who has so constituted our minds that their thinking and their affections correspond to truth and to himself. An evil being might have so constituted us that all logic would lead us into error. The argument is therefore the development and expression of our intuitive idea of God. Luthardt, Fundamental Truths: ?Nature is like a written document containing only consonants. It is we who must furnish the vowels that shall decipher it. Unless we bring with us the idea of God, we shall find nature but dumb.? See also Pfleiderer, Die Religion, 1:174.

A. The defects of the Anthropological Argument are:

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