God?s claims in the soul and of the soul?s interests in prayer ( <450826>Romans 8:26 ? ?maketh intercession for us.?) He comforts not only by being our advocate, but also by being our instructor, patron, and guide; and all these ideas are found attaching to the word para>klhtov in good Greek usage. The word indeed is a verbal adjective, signifying ?called to one?s aid,? hence a ?helper?; the idea of encouragement is included in it, as well as those of comfort and of advocacy. See Westcott, Bible Com., on <431416>John 14:16; Cremer, Lexicon of New Testament Greek, in loco .
T. Dwight, in S. S. Times, on <431416>John 14:16 ? ?The fundamental meaning of the word para>klhtov , which is a verbal adjective, is ?called to one?s aid,? and thus, when used as a noun, it conveys the idea of ?helper.? This mare general sense probably attaches to its use in John?s Gospel, while in the Epistle ( <620201>1 John 2:1, 2) it conveys the idea of Jesus acting as advocate on our behalf before God as a Judge.? So the Latin advocatus signifies one ?called to? i.e. called in to aid, counsel, plead. In this connection Jesus say?s ?I will not leave you orphans? ( <431418>John 14:18). Gumming, Through the Eternal Spirit, 228 ? ?As the orphaned family, in the day of the parent?s death, need some friend who shall lighten their sense of loss by his own presence with them, so the Holy Spirit is ?called in? to supply the present love and help which the Twelve are losing in the death of Jesus.? A.
A. Hodge, Pop. Lectures, 237 ? ?The Roman ?client,? the poor and dependent man, called in his ?patron? to help him in all his needs. The patron thought for, advised, directed, supported, defended, supplied, restored, comforted his client in all his complications. The client, though weak, with a powerful patron, was socially and politically secure forever.?
B. His name is mentioned in immediate connection with other persons, and in such a way as to imply his own personality.
(a) In connection with Christians;
(b) in connection with Christ;
(c) in connection with the Father and the Son. If the Father and the Son are persons, the Spirit must be a person also.
<441523> Acts 15:23 ? ?it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us.?
<431614> John 16:14 ? ?He shall glorify me: for he shall take of mine, and shall declare it unto you?; cf. 17:4 ? ?I glorified thee on the earth.?
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