Martineau, Types, 1:23 ? Mere immanency excludes Theism; transcendency leaves it still possible; 211-225 ? Pantheism declares that ?there is nothing but God; he is not only sole cause but entire effect; he is all in all.? Spinoza has been falsely called ?the God-intoxicated man.? ?Spinoza, on the contrary, translated God into the universe; it was Malebranche who transfigured the universe into God.?
The later Brahmanism is pantheistic. Rowland Williams, Christianity and Hinduism, quoted in Mozley on Miracles, 284 ? ?In the final state personality vanishes. You will not, says the Brahman, accept the term ?void? as an adequate description of the mysterious nature of the soul, but you will clearly apprehend soul, in the final state, to be unseen and ungrasped being, thought, knowledge, joy ? no other than very God.? Flint, Theism, 69 ? ?Where the will is without energy, and rest is longed for as the end of existence, as among the Hindus, there is marked inability to think of God as cause or will, and constant inveterate tendency to pantheism.?
Hegel denies God?s transcendence: ?God is not a spirit beyond the stars; he is spirit in all spirit?; which means that God, the impersonal and unconscious Absolute, comes to consciousness only in man. If the eternal system of abstract thoughts were itself conscious, finite consciousness would disappear; hence the alternative is either no God. or no man. Stirling: ?The Idea, so conceived, is a blind, dumb, invisible idol, and the theory is the most hopeless theory that has ever been presented to humanity.? It is practical autolatry, or self-deification. The world is reduced to a mere process of logic; thought thinks; there is thought without a thinker. To this doctrine of Hegel we may well oppose the remarks of Lotze: ?We cannot make mind the equivalent of the infinitive to think, ? we feel that it must be that which thinks; the essence of things cannot be either existence or activity, ? it must be that which exists and that which acts. Thinking means nothing, if it is not the thinking of a thinker; acting and working mean nothing, if we leave out the conception of a subject distinguishable from them and from which they proceed.? To Hegel. Being is Thought; to Spinoza, Being has Thought + Extension; the truth seems to be that Being has Thought + Will, and may reveal itself in Extension and Evolution (Creation) .
By other philosophers, however. Hegel is otherwise interpreted. Prof. H. Jones, in Mind, July, 1893:289-306, claims that Hegel?s fundamental Idea is not Thought, but Thinking: ?The universe to him was not a system of thoughts, but a thinking reality, manifested most fully in man...The fundamental reality is the universal intelligence whose operation we
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