Cicero, De Natura Deorum, 1:17 ? ?Intelligi necesse est esse deos, quoiam insitas eorum vel potius innatas cogitationes habemus.? Origen, Adv, Celsum, 1:4 ? ?Men would not be guilty, if they did not carry in their minds common notions of morality, innate and written in divine letters.? Calvin, Institutes, 1:3:3 ? ?Those who rightly judge will always agree that there is an indelible sense of divinity engraven upon men?s minds.? Fleming, Vocab. Of Philosophy, art., ?Innate Ideas? ? ?Descartes is supposed to have taught (and Locke devoted the first book of his Essays to refuting the doctrine) that these ideas are innate or connate with the soul; i.e ., the intellect finds itself at birth, or as soon as it wakes to conscious activity, to be possessed of ideas to which it has only to attach the appropriate names, or of judgments which it only needs to express in fit propositions ? i.e ., prior to any experience of individual objects.?

Royce, Spirit of Modern Philosophy, 77 ? ?In certain families, Descartes teaches, good breeding and the gout are innate. Yet, of course, the children of such families have to be instructed in deportment, and the infants just learning to walk seem happily quite free from gout. Even so geometry is innate in us. But it does not come to our consciousness without much trouble?; 79 ? Locke found no innate ideas. He maintained, in reply, that ?infants with their rattles, showed no sign of being aware that things which are equal to the same thing are equal to each other.? Schopenhauer said that ?Jacobi had the trifling weakness of taking all he had learned and approved before his fifteenth year for inborn ideas of the human mind.? Bowne, Principles of Ethics, 5 ? ?That rational ideas are conditioned by the sense experience and are sequent to it, is unquestioned by anyone; and that experience shows a successive order of manifestation of what went before; whereas it might be that, and it might be a new, though conditioned, manifestation of an immanent nature or law. Chemical affinity is not gravity, although affinity cannot manifest itself until gravity has brought the elements into certain relations.?

Pfleiderer, Philosophy of Religion, 1:103 ? ?This principle was not from the beginning in the consciousness of men; for, in order to think ideas, reason must be clearly developed, which in the first of mankind it could just as little be as in children. This however does not exclude the fact that there was from the beginning the unconscious rational impulse which lay at the basis of the formation of the belief in God, however manifold may gave been the direct motives which cooperated with it.? Self is implied in the simplest act of knowledge. Sensation gives us two things, e.g . black and white; but I cannot compare them without asserting difference for me .

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