preparation for the highest mental faculties was instantaneous, or by what is called in nature a sport.? With this statement of Dr. Wright, we substantially agree and therefore differ from Shedd, when he says that there is just as much reason for supposing that monkeys are degenerate men, as that, men are improved monkeys. Shakespeare, Timon of Athens, 1:1:249, seems to have hinted the view of Dr. Shedd: ?The strain of man?s bred out into baboon and monkey.? Bishop Wilberforce asked Huxley whether he was related to an ape on his grandfathers or grandmother?s side. Huxley replied that he should prefer such a relationship to having for an ancestor a man who used his position as a minister of religion to ridicule truth, which he did not comprehend. ?Mamma, am I descended from a monkey?? ?I do not know, William, I never met any of your father?s people.?

4. No species is yet known to have been produced either by artificial or by natural selection. Huxley, Lay Sermons, 323 ? ?It is not absolutely proven that a group of animals having all the characters exhibited by species in nature has ever been originated by selection, whether artificial or natural.? Man?s Place in Nature, 107 ? ?Our acceptance of the Darwinian hypothesis must be provisional, so long as one link in the chain of evidence is wanting. So long as all the animals and plants certainly produced by selective breeding from a common stock are fertile with one another, that link will be wanting.? Huxley has more recently declared that the missing proof has been found in the descent of the modern horse with one toe, from Hipparion with two toes, Anchitherium with three and Orohippus with four. Even if this were demonstrated, we should still maintain that the only proper analogue was to be found in that artificial selection by which man produces new varieties. Natural selection can bring about no useful results and show no progress unless it is the method and revelation of a wise and designing mind. In other words, selection implies intelligence and will, and therefore, cannot be exclusively natural. Mivart, Man and Apes, 192 ? ?If it is inconceivable and impossible for man?s body to be developed or to exist without his informing soul, we conclude that, as no natural process accounts for the different kind of soul ? one capable of articulately expressing general conceptions. No merely natural process can account for the origin of the body informed by it ? a body to which such an intellectual faculty was so essentially and intimately related.? Thus, Mivart, who once considered that evolution could account for man?s body, now holds instead that it can account neither for man?s body nor for his soul and calls natural selection ?a puerile hypothesis? (Lessons from Nature, 300; Essays and Criticisms,2:289-314).

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