material qualities of bread and wine, we cannot trust them when they report to us the words of Christ.

Gibbon was rejoiced at the discovery that, while the real presence is attested by only a single sense, our sight [as employed in reading the words of Christ], the real presence is disproved by three of our senses, sight, touch, and taste. It is not well to purchase faith in this dogma at the price of absolute skepticism. Stanley, on Baptism, in his Christian Institutions, tells us that in the third and fourth centuries the belief that the water of baptism was changed into the blood of Christ. This was nearly as firmly and widely fixed as the belief that the bread and wine of the communion were changed into his flesh and blood. Dollinger: ?When I am told that I must swear to the truth of these doctrines [of papal infallibility and apostolic succession] my feeling is just as if I were asked to swear that two and two make five and not four.? Teacher: ?Why did Henry VIII quarrel with the pope?? Scholar: ?Because the pope had commanded him to put away his wife on pain of transubstantiation.? The transubstantiation of Henry VIII is quite as rational as the transubstantiation of the bread and wine in the Eucharist.

(c) It involves the denial of the completeness of Christ?s past sacrifice, and the assumption that a human priest can repeat or add to the atonement made by Christ once for all ( <580928>Hebrews 9:28 ? ajpax prosenecqei>v ). The Lord?s Supper is never called a sacrifice nor are altars, priests or consecrations ever spoken of in the New Testament. The priests of the old dispensation are expressly contrasted with the ministers of the new. The former ?ministered about sacred things,? i.e., performed sacred rites and waited at the altar but the latter ?preach the gospel? ( <460913>1 Corinthians 9:13, 14).

<580928> Hebrews 9:28 ? ?so Christ also, having been once offered? ? here a[pax means ?once for all,? as in Jude 3 ? ?the faith which was once for all delivered unto the saints?; <460913>1 Corinthians 9:13, 14 ? ?Know ye not that they that minister about sacred things eat of the things of the temple, and they that wait upon the altar have their portion with the altar? Even so did the Lord ordain that they that proclaim the gospel should live of the gospel.? Romanism introduces a mediator between the soul and Christ, namely, bread and wine, and the priest besides.

Dorner, Glaubenslehre, 2:680-687 (Syst. Doct. 4:146-163) ? ?Christ is thought of as at a distance and as represented only by the priest who offers anew his sacrifice. But Protestant doctrine holds to a perfect Christ, applying the benefits of the work which he long ago and once for all

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