and not least clearly in those of Israel, we see Him, the holy and all wise Instructor of his human children. But the old contrasts must be altogether set aside. So long as we derive a separate pan of Israel?s religious life directly from God, and allow the supernatural or immediate revelation to intervene in even one single point, so long also our view of the whole continues to be incorrect, and we see ourselves here and there necessitated to do violence to the well authenticated contents of the historical documents. It is the supposition of a natural development alone which accounts for all the phenomena? (Kuenen, Prophets and Prophecy in Israel, 585).

2. Jesus, who has been proved to be not only a credible witness, but a messenger from God, vouches for the inspiration of the Old Testament, by quoting it with the formula; ?It is written?; by declaring that ?one jot or one tittle? of it ?shall in no wise pass away,? and that ?the Scripture cannot be broken.?

Jesus quotes from four out of the five books of Moses, and from the Psalm s, Isaiah, Malachi, and Zechariah, with the formula, ?it is written?: see <400404>Matthew 4:4, 6, 7; 11:10; <411427>Mark 14:27 <420404> Luke 4:4-12. This formula among the Jews indicated that the quotation was from a sacred book and was divinely inspired. Jesus certainly regarded the Old Testament with as much reverence as the Jews of his day. He declared that ?one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass away from the law?

( <400518>Matthew 5:18). He said that ?the scripture cannot be broken? ( <431035>John 10:35) ?the normative and judicial authority of the Scripture cannot be set aside; notice here [in the singular, hJ grafh> ]the idea of the unity of Scripture? (Meyer). And yet our Lord?s use of Old Testament Scripture was wholly free from the superstitious literalism, which prevailed among the Jews of his day. The phrases ?word of God?

( <431035>John 10:35; <410713>Mark 7:13), ?wisdom of God? ( <421149>Luke 11:49) and ?oracles of God? <450302>Romans 3:2) probably designate the original revelations of God and not the record of these in Scripture; cf. <090927>1 Samuel 9:27; <131703>1 Chronicles 17:3; <234008>Isaiah 40:8; <401319>Matthew 13:19; <420302> Luke 3:2; <440825>Acts 8:25. Jesus refuses assent to the Old Testament law respecting the Sabbath ( <410227>Mark 2:27 sq.), external defilement ( <410715>Mark 7:15), divorce ( <411002>Mark 10:2 sq.). He ?came not to destroy but to fulfill?( <400517>Matthew 5:17); yet he fulfilled the law by bringing out its inner spirit in his perfect life, rather than by formal and minute obedience to its precepts; see Wendt, Teaching of Jesus, 2:5-35.

The apostles quote the Old Testament as the utterance of God ( <490408>Ephesians 4:8 ? dio< le>gei qeo>v . Paul?s insistence upon the form of

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