The change from the seventh day to the first seems to have been due to the resurrection of Christ upon ?the first day of the week? ( <402801>Matthew 28:1), to his meeting with the disciples upon that day and upon the succeeding Sunday ( <432026>John 20:26) and to the pouring out of the Spirit upon the Pentecostal Sunday seven weeks after ( <440201>Acts 2:1 ? see Bap. Quar. Rev., 185:229-232 ). Thus by Christ?s own example and by apostolic sanction, the first day became ?the Lord?s day? (Revelations 1:10) on which believers met regularly each week with their Lord ( <442007>Acts 20:7 ? ?the first day of the week, when we were gathered together to break bread?) and brought together their benevolent contributions ( <461601>1 Corinthians 16:1, 2 ? ?Now concerning the collection for the saints? Upon the first day of the week let each one of you lay by him in store, as he may prosper, that no collections be made when I come?). Eusebius, Com. on Psalm 92 (Migne, V: 1191, C): ?Wherefore those things [the Levitical regulations] having been already rejected, the Logos through the new Covenant transferred and changed the festival of the Sabbath to the rising of the sun? the Lord?s day? holy and spiritual Sabbaths.?
Justin Martyr, First Apology:? On the day called Sunday, all who live in city or country gather together in one place and the memoirs of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read. Sunday is the day on which we all hold our common assembly because it is the first day on which God made the world and Jesus our Savior, on the same day, rose from the dead. For he was crucified on the day before, that of Saturn (Saturday) and on the day after that of Saturn, which is the day of the Sun or Sunday, having appeared to his apostles and disciples he taught them these things which we have submitted to you for your consideration.? This seems to intimate that Jesus between his resurrection and ascension gave command respecting the observance of the first day of the week. He was ?received up? only after ?he had given commandment through the Holy Spirit unto the apostles whom he had chosen? ( <440102>Acts 1:2).
The Christian Sabbath, then, is the day of Christ?s resurrection. The Jewish Sabbath commemorated only the beginning of the world the Christian Sabbath commemorates also the new creation of the world in Christ in which God?s work in humanity first becomes complete. C. H. M. on Genesis 2: ?If I celebrate the seventh day it marks me as an earthly man, inasmuch as that day is clearly the rest of earth (creation-rest). If I intelligently celebrate the first day of the week, I am marked as a heavenly man, believing in the new creation in Christ.? ( <480410>Galatians 4:10,11 ? ?Ye observe days, months, seasons and years. I am afraid of you, least by any means I have bestowed labor upon you in vain?; <510216>Colossians 2:16,
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