differing numbers in Kings and Chronicles, just as he accounts for the same differences in Egyptian and Assyrian later accounts, by the change in the value of money and debasement of issues. He shows the change all over Western Asia.? Per contra, see Bacon, Genesis of Genesis, 45.
In <141303>2 Chronicles 13:3, 17, where the numbers of men in the armies of little Palestine are stated as 400,000 and 800,000, and 500,000 are said to have been slain in a single battle, ?some ancient copies of the Vulgate and Latin translations of Josephus have 40,000, 80,000, and 50,000?; see Annotated Paragraph Bible, in loco . In <141714>2 Chronicles 17:14-19, Jehoshaphat?s army aggregates 1,160,000, besides the garrisons of his fortresses. It is possible that by errors in transcription these numbers have been multiplied by ten. Another explanation however, and perhaps a more probable one, is given under (d) below. Similarly, compare <090619>1 Samuel 6:19, where 50,070 are slain, with the 70 of Josephus; <100804>2 Samuel 8:4 ? ?1,700 horsemen,? with 1Chronicles 18:4 ? ?7,000 horsemen?;
<170916> Esther 9:16-75,000 slain by the Jews, with LXX ? 15,000. In <402709> Matthew 27:9, we have ?Jeremiah? for ?Zechariah? ? this Calvin allows to be a mistake; and, if a mistake, then one made by the first copyist, for it appears in all the uncials, all the manuscripts and all the versions except the Syriac Peshito where it is omitted, evidently on the authority of the individual transcriber and translator. In <440716>Acts 7:16 ? ?the tomb that Abraham bought? ? Hackett regards ?Abraham? as a clerical error for ?Jacob? (compare ( <013318>Genesis 33:18, 19). See Bible Com., 3:165, 249, 251,317,
(b) Other so called errors are to be explained as a permissible use of round numbers, which cannot be denied to the sacred writers except upon the principle that mathematical accuracy was more important than the general impression to be secured by the narrative.
In <042509>Numbers 25:9, we read that there fell in the plague 24,000; <461008>1 Corinthians 10:8 says 23,000. The actual number was possibly somewhere between the two. Upon a similar principle, we do not scruple to celebrate the Landing of the Pilgrims on December 22nd and the birth of Christ on December 25th. We speak of the battle of Bunker Hill, although at Bunker Hill no battle was really fought. In <021240>Exodus 12:40, 41, the sojourn of the Israelites in Egypt is declared to be 430 years. Yet Paul, in <480317>Galatians 3:17, says that the giving of the law through Moses was 430 years after the call of Abraham, whereas the call of Abraham took place 215 years before Jacob and his sons went down into Egypt, and Paul should have said 645 years instead of 430. Franz Delitzsch: ?The Hebrew Bible counts four centuries of Egyptian sojourn
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